Gebruiker:Charlielv55/sandput/Galleria dell'Accademia

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Galleria dell'Accademia di Firenze
'n Beeld van die museum.

Openingsjaar 1784
Tipe museum Kunsmuseum
Michelangelo se Dawid, 1501-1504

The Galleria dell'Accademia di Firenze, or "Gallery of the Academy of Florence", is an art museum in Florence, Italy. It is best known as the home of Michelangelo's sculpture David. It also has other sculptures by Michelangelo and a large collection of paintings by Florentine artists, mostly from the period 1300–1600, the Trecento to the Late Renaissance. It is smaller and more specialized than the Uffizi, the main art museum in Florence. It adjoins the Accademia di Belle Arti or academy of fine arts of Florence, but despite the name has no other connection with it.

In 2016 it had 1,461,185 visitors, making it the second most visited art museum in Italy, after the Uffizi (2.02 million).[1]

Geskiedenis[wysig | wysig bron]

The Galleria dell'Accademia was founded in 1784 by Pietro Leopoldo, Grand Duke of Tuscany.

In 2001 the "Museo degli strumenti musicali" collection opened. It includes musical instruments made by Stradivarius, Niccolò Amati and Bartolomeo Cristofori.

Werke[wysig | wysig bron]

Interieur van die museum

The Galleria dell'Accademia has housed the original David by Michelangelo since 1873.[2] The sculpture was allegedly brought to the Accademia for reasons of conservation, although other factors were involved in its move from its previous outdoor location on Piazza della Signoria. The original intention was to create a 'Michelangelo museum', with original sculptures and drawings, to celebrate the fourth centenary of the artist's birth. Today, the gallery's small collection of Michelangelo's work includes his four unfinished Prisoners, intended for the tomb of Pope Julius II, and a statue of Saint Matthew, also unfinished. In 1939, these were joined by a Pietà discovered in the Barberini chapel in Palestrina, though experts now consider its attribution to Michelangelo to be dubious.

Pietà in die Accademia

The David in the Accademia is the original. There is a replica in the Piazza della Signoria.

Vitruviaanse Man

Other works on display are Florentine paintings from the 13th and 16th centuries, including works by Paolo Uccello, Domenico Ghirlandaio, Sandro Botticelli and Andrea del Sarto; and, from the High Renaissance, Giambologna's original full-size plaster modello for the Rape of the Sabine Women. As well as a number of Florentine Gothic paintings, the gallery houses the collection of Russian icons assembled by the Grand Dukes of the House of Lorraine, of which Leopoldo was one.

Da Vinci se Vitruviaanse Man is also housed here, but displayed only rarely because the work, on paper, is fragile and light sensitive. In 2019, the Louvre museum in Paris had requested the loan of the drawing for its exhibit of Da Vinci works. The request was refused by a cultural heritage group. A court tribunal in Venice, however, decided that the work should suffer no ill effects if shipped with great care and displayed under controlled conditions.[3] The work was, therefore, part of Louvre's exhibit from 24 October 2019 to 24 February 2020.[4]

Verwysings[wysig | wysig bron]

  1. Official Italian visitor figures, 2016
  2. Accademia Gallery Polo Museale Fiorentino: Soprintendenza Speciale per il Patrimonio Storico, Artistico ed Etnoantropologico e per il Polo Museale della città di Firenze. Accessed June 2013.
  3. "Leonardo's 'Vitruvian Man' Is Headed to the Louvre Despite Italian Scholars' Protests". Smithsonian. 21 October 2019. Besoek op 2 December 2019.
  4. "Louvre exhibit has most da Vinci paintings ever assembled". The Atlantic. 1 December 2019. Besoek op 2 December 2019.