Gebruiker:Wordscape/temp27

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Sjabloon:Notice Sjabloon:Notice


EU flag
Membership in the European Union not only requires repeal of anti-homosexuality legislation, the Treaty of Amsterdam also requires anti-discrimination legislation to be enacted by its member states.[1]

Northern Europe[wysig | wysig bron]

LGBT rights in: Homosexual acts legal? Recognition of same-sex relationships Same-sex marriage Same-sex adoption Allows gays to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination (sexual orientation) Laws concerning gender identity/expression Immigration equality for same-sex couples
Sjabloon:Landdata Åland Islands Åland Islands (self-governing part of Finland) Yes Legal since 1971 Yes Legal since 2002 No No Demilitarised Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination Unknown
Sjabloon:Landdata Denmark Denmark Yes Legal since 1933
+ UN decl. sign.
Yes Legal since 1989 No Yes Only in registered partnerships Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination Yes
Sjabloon:Landdata Estonia Estonia Yes Legal since 1992
+ UN decl. sign.
No (but registered partnerships are proposed) No No Unregulated, it is possible for any single individual to adopt if they can prove to be suitable to bring up a child. Yes Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination No
Sjabloon:Landdata Faroe Islands Faroe Islands (self-governing part of Denmark) Yes Legal since 1933 No (but registered partnerships are proposed) No No Yes (Denmark responsible for defence) Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination Unknown
Vlag van Finland Finland Yes Legal since 1971
+ UN decl. sign.
Yes Legal since 2002 No Yes Only in registered partnerships and only with partner's children since 2009 Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination Yes
Sjabloon:Landdata Greenland Greenland (member country of the Kingdom of Denmark) Yes Legal since 1933
+UN decl. sign via Denmark.
Yes Civil unions since 1996 No Yes Only in registered partnerships and only with partner's children Yes (Denmark responsible for defence) Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination Unknown
Sjabloon:Landdata Iceland Iceland Yes Legal since 1940
+ UN decl. sign.
Yes Legal since 1996 No Yes Only in registered partnerships Has no army Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination Yes
Sjabloon:Landdata Ireland Ireland, Republic of Yes Legal since 1993
+ UN decl. sign.
No (Civil Partnership Bill expected to be passed in Autumn 2009) No Single gay persons may adopt Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination Unknown
Sjabloon:Landdata Isle of Man Isle of Man Yes Legal since 1994 Yes Legal since 2005 No No Yes Yes Bans most anti-gay discrimination Unknown
Sjabloon:Landdata Latvia Latvia Yes Legal since 1992
+ UN decl. sign.
No No Constitutional ban since 2006 No Only married couples can adopt Yes Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination No
Sjabloon:Landdata Lithuania Lithuania Yes Legal since 1993
+ UN decl. sign.
No No Constitutional ban since 1992 No Only married couples can adopt Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination No
Sjabloon:Landdata Norway Norway Yes Legal since 1972
+ UN decl. sign.
Yes Legal since 1993 Yes Legal since 2009 Yes Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination Yes
Sjabloon:Landdata Sweden Sweden Yes Legal since 1944
+ UN decl. sign.
Yes Legal since 1995 Yes Legal since 2009 Yes Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination, including hate speech against homosexuals Yes
Sjabloon:Landdata United Kingdom United Kingdom Yes Legal since 1967 in England and Wales, 1980 in Scotland and 1982 in Northern Ireland
+ UN decl. sign.
Yes Civil partnerships since 2005 No [almost-equivelent - civil partnerships Yes Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination Yes Gender Recognition Act 2004 Yes

Western Europe[wysig | wysig bron]

LGBT rights in: Homosexual acts legal? Recognition of same-sex relationships Same-sex marriage Same-sex adoption Allows gays to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination (sexual orientation) Laws concerning gender identity/expression Immigration equality for same-sex couples
Sjabloon:Landdata Belgium Belgium Yes Legal since 1843
+ UN decl. sign.
Yes Legal since 2000 Yes Legal since 2003 Yes Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination Yes
Sjabloon:Landdata France France Yes Legal since 1791
+ UN decl. sign.
Yes Pacte civil de solidarité
since 1999
No Under review. Recognizes same-sex marriage abroad. No Single gay persons may adopt Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination Yes
Vlag van Guernsey Guernsey (incl. Vlag van Alderney Alderney, Vlag van Herm Herm and Vlag van Sark Sark) Yes legal since 1983 (Age of consent discrepancy) No No No UK responsible for defence No Unknown
Vlag van Jersey Jersey Yes legal since 1990 No (Civil Partnerships are proposed) No Yes UK responsible for defence Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination Unknown
Sjabloon:Landdata Luxembourg Luxembourg Yes Legal since 1795
+ UN decl. sign.
Yes Legal since 2004 No (but it is proposed) No (but it is proposed) Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination Unknown
Vlag van Monaco Monaco Yes Legal since 1793 No No Unknown France responsible for defence Unknown Unknown
Sjabloon:Landdata Netherlands Netherlands Yes Legal since 1811
+ UN decl. sign.
Yes Legal since 1998 Yes Legal since 2001. First country to legalize same-sex marriage. Yes Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination Yes

Central Europe[wysig | wysig bron]

LGBT rights in: Homosexual acts legal? Recognition of same-sex relationships Same-sex marriage Same-sex adoption Allows gays to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination (sexual orientation) Laws concerning gender identity/expression Immigration equality for same-sex couples
Sjabloon:Landdata Austria Austria Yes Legal since 1971
+ UN decl. sign.
Yes Unregistered cohabitation since 2003, Registered partnership could be become legal on 1 January 2010. [2] No No Yes Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination No
Sjabloon:Landdata Croatia Croatia Yes Legal since 1977
+ UN decl. sign.
Yes Unregistered co-habitation since 2003; Registered partnership refused in 2005 No No Single person may adopt Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination Yes Act on the elimination of discrimination Yes
Sjabloon:Landdata Czech Republic Czech Republic Yes Legal since 1962
+ UN decl. sign.
Yes Registered partnership since 2006. No No Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination Yes
Sjabloon:Landdata Germany Germany Yes Legal since 1968 in East Germany and 1969 in West Germany
+ UN decl. sign.
Yes Registered partnership since 2001 No (but it is proposed) Yes Single gay persons may adopt or a partner can adopt the other partner's child (full joint adoption is proposed)[3] Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination Yes
Sjabloon:Landdata Hungary Hungary Yes Legal since 1962
+ UN decl. sign.
Yes Unregistered cohabitation since 1996 and Registered partnership since 2009 No No Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination Yes
Vlag van Liechtenstein Liechtenstein Yes Legal since 1989
+ UN decl. sign.
No No No Has no army No Unknown
Sjabloon:Landdata Poland Poland Yes Legal since 1932
+ UN decl. sign.
No No Constitutional ban since 1997 No (single gay-person may adopt) Yes Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination No
Sjabloon:Landdata Slovakia Slovakia Yes Legal since 1962
+ UN decl. sign.
No No No Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination No
Sjabloon:Landdata Slovenia Slovenia Yes Legal since 1977
+ UN decl. sign.
Yes Registered partnership since 2006 No Under consideration No Under consideration Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination Yes Sex change can be recorded in a central register, and new documents can be issued based on person's new gender identity.[4] Unknown
Sjabloon:Landdata Switzerland Switzerland Yes Legal since 1942
+ UN decl. sign.
Yes Legal since 2007 No No Single gay persons may adopt. Non-biological partner must provide educational and financial tutorship for his/her partner's child Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination Yes

Eastern Europe[wysig | wysig bron]

LGBT rights in: Homosexual acts legal? Recognition of same-sex relationships Same-sex marriage Same-sex adoption Allows gays to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination (sexual orientation) Laws concerning gender identity/expression Immigration equality for same-sex couples
Sjabloon:Landdata Albania Albania Yes Legal since 1995
+ UN decl. sign.
No No (but proposed) [1] No Yes No No
Sjabloon:Landdata Armenia Armenia (terminology "European" varies on border defintions) Yes Legal since 2002
+ UN decl. sign.
No No No Unknown No No
Sjabloon:Landdata Azerbaijan Azerbaijan (terminology "European" varies on border defintions) Yes Legal since 2000 No No No No Banned from military service No No
Vlag van Wit-Rusland Belarus Yes Legal since 1994 No No No No Banned from military service No No
Sjabloon:Landdata Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Yes Legal since 1996 in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, 1998 in Republika Srpska
+ UN decl. sign.
No No No Yes Yes Bans most anti-gay discrimination No
Sjabloon:Landdata Bulgaria Bulgaria Yes Legal since 1968
+ UN decl. sign.
No No Constitutional ban No Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination No
Sjabloon:Landdata Georgia Georgia (terminology "European" varies on border defintions) Yes Legal since 2000
+ UN decl. sign.
No No No Unknown Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination No
Sjabloon:Landdata Macedonia Macedonia Yes Legal since 1996
+ UN decl. sign.
No No No Yes Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination No
Sjabloon:Landdata Moldova Moldova Yes Legal since 1995 No No Constitutional ban No Yes No No
Vlag van Montenegro Montenegro Yes Legal since 1977
+ UN decl. sign.
No No Constitutional ban No Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination No
Sjabloon:Landdata Romania Romania Yes Legal since 1996
+ UN decl. sign.
No No No Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination No
Sjabloon:Landdata Russia Russia (incl. all constituent regions) Yes Legal since 1993

(was legal in the RSFSR/Soviet Union from 1917-1930)

No No No Yes No No
Sjabloon:Landdata Serbia Serbia Yes Legal since 1994 (1981 in Vojvodina)
+ UN decl. sign.
No No Constitutional ban No No Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination No
Sjabloon:Landdata Turkey Turkey Yes Legal since 1858 (decriminalized by the Ottoman Empire) No No No No particular legal ban. No Can apply for exemption from draft No Added to constitution in 2004, but withdrawn afterwards by the government No
Sjabloon:Landdata Ukraine Ukraine Yes Legal since 1992 No No Constitutional ban No Yes No No

Southern Europe[wysig | wysig bron]

LGBT rights in: Homosexual acts legal? Recognition of same-sex relationships Same-sex marriage Same-sex adoption Allows gays to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination (sexual orientation) Laws concerning gender identity/expression Immigration equality for same-sex couples
Vlag van Andorra Andorra Yes Legal since 1763
+ UN decl. sign.
Yes Legal since 2005 No Unknown Has no army Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination Yes
Sjabloon:Landdata Cyprus Cyprus Yes Legal since 1998
+ UN decl. sign.
No No No Yes Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination No
Vlag van Gibraltar Gibraltar (overseas territory of the U.K.) Yes Legal since 1993 (Age of consent discrepancy) No No No Yes Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination Yes UK law applies
Sjabloon:Landdata Greece Greece Yes Legal since 1951 (Age of consent discrepancy)
+ UN decl. sign.
No No No No Banned from military service Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination No
Sjabloon:Landdata Italy Italy Yes Legal since 1890
+ UN decl. sign.
No No No Only married couples can adopt Yes Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination No
Vlag van Malta Malta Yes Legal since 1973
+ UN decl. sign.
No No No Yes Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination No
Vlag van Portugal Portugal Yes Legal since 1983
+ UN decl. sign.
Yes Legal since 2001 No (but is it proposed) No (but is it proposed) Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination No
Vlag van San Marino San Marino Yes Legal since 1864, recriminalised in 1974 and again legalised in 2001
+ UN decl. sign.
No No No Unknown No No
Sjabloon:Landdata Spain Spain Yes Legal since 1979
+ UN decl. sign.
Yes Legal since 1998 (12 of 14 communities legalised Civil unions) Yes Legal since 2005 Yes Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination Yes La Ley de Identidad de Género (Gender Identity Law), enacted in 2007. Yes

Disputed territories[wysig | wysig bron]

LGBT rights in: Homosexual acts legal? Recognition of same-sex relationships Same-sex marriage Same-sex adoption Allows gays to serve openly in military? Anti-discrimination (sexual orientation) Laws concerning gender identity/expression Immigration equality for same-sex couples
Vlag van Kosovo Kosovo (only partially recognised, claimed by Serbia) Yes Legal since 1994 (as part of Serbia), 2008 (as partially recognised sovereign territory) No No Unknown Unknown Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination No
Sjabloon:Landdata Northern Cyprus Turkish Republic Northern Cyprus (only recognised by Republic of Turkey) Yes Legal since 2009 No No Unknown Unknown No No


References[wysig | wysig bron]