Verskil tussen weergawes van "Ontwikkelde land"

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Ontwikkelde lande het ’n post-industriële ekonomie, wat beteken die [[diens]]sektor verskaf meer rykdom as die [[nywerheid]]sektor. Daarteenoor is [[ontwikkelende land]]e besig om te industrialiseer of hoofsaaklik op [[landbou]] aangewese. In 2015 het gevorderde ekonomieë 60,8% uitgemaak van die wêreldwye BBP gebaseer op [[nominale waarde]]s en 42,9% van die wêreldwye BBP gebaseer op [[koopkragpariteit]] (KKP), volgens die [[Internasionale Monetêre Fonds]].<ref>[http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2015/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=30&pr.y=7&sy=1980&ey=2016&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=001%2C110&s=NGDPD%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPSH&grp=1&a=1 IMF-BBP-data (Oktober 2015)] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160304041611/http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2015/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=30&pr.y=7&sy=1980&ey=2016&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=001%2C110&s=NGDPD%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPSH&grp=1&a=1 |date=2016-03-04 }}</ref> In 2015 was die 10 grootste gevorderde ekonomieë volgens BBP in beide nominale en KKP-terme [[Australië]], [[Kanada]], [[Frankryk]], [[Duitsland]], [[Italië]], [[Japan]], [[Suid-Korea]], [[Spanje]], [[Brittanje]] en die [[VSA]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2015/02/weodata/index.aspx|title=Gross domestic product, current prices & Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) valuation of country GDP|work=World Economic Outlook Database, Oktober 2015|publisher=[[Internasionale Monetêre Fonds]]|date=Oktober 2015|accessdate=2015-10-15|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20151011233209/http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2015/02/weodata/index.aspx|archivedate=2015-10-11|df=}}</ref>
 
==Menslike-ontwikkelingsindeks (MOI)==
{{Hoofartikel|Menslike-ontwikkelingsindeks}}
Die [[Verenigde Nasies]] (VN) se Menslike-ontwikkelingsindeks is ’n statistiese maatstaf wat ’n land se vlak van menslike ontwikkeling weergee. Terwyl daar ’n sterk verband is tussen ’n lande se MOI-telling en ’n vooruitstrewende enonomie, wys die VN daarop dat die MOI-tellings meer aandui as inkomste of produktiwiteit. Anders as BBP en per capita-inkomste, bring die MOI in berekening hoe inkomste verander word "in opvoedings- en gesondheidsgeleenthede en dus in hoër vlakke van menslike ontwikkeling".
 
Sedert 1990 het [[Noorweë]] (2001–2006, 2009–2013), Japan (1990–1991 en 1993), Kanada (1992 en 1994–2000) en [[Ysland]] (2007–2008) die hoogste MOI-telling gehad. Die top-47-lande het tellings van tussen 0,793 in [[Barbados]] en 0,955 in Noorweë gehad.
 
Baie "gevorderde ekonomieë" word gekenmerk deur ’n MOI-telling van 0,9 of hoër. Die laaste verslag is op 21 Maart 2017 gepubliseer.<ref name="UNDP2016">{{cite web|url=http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/2016_human_development_report.pdf|title=Human Development Report 2016 – 'Human Development for Everyone'|publisher=Human Development Report Office, VN-ontwikkelingsprogram|accessdate=11 April 2017|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20170322153238/http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/2016_human_development_report.pdf|archivedate=22 Maart 2017|df=}}</ref>
 
==Volledige lys lande==
*{{Wins}} = Toename
*{{Bestendig}} = Bestendig
*{{Daal}} = Afname
 
===Baie hoë menslike ontwikkeling===
{{col-begin}}
{{col-break}}
{|class="wikitable" style="text-align:center"
|-
!scope="col" colspan="2"| Rang
! scope="col" rowspan="2" style="width:250px;"| Land
!scope="col" colspan="2"| MOI
|-
! scope="col" style="width:75px;"| <small>2016-ramings vir 2015</small><br /><ref name="UNDP2016"/>
! scope="col" style="width:75px;"| <small>Verandering in rang sedert vorige jaar</small><ref name="UNDP2016"/>
! scope="col" style="width:75px;"| <small>2016-ramings vir 2015</small><br /><ref name="UNDP2016"/>
! scope="col" style="width:75px;"| <small>Verandering sedert vorige jaar</small><br /><ref name="UNDP2016"/>
|-
| 1 || {{Bestendig}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Noorweë}} || 0.949 || {{Wins}} 0.001
|-
| 2 || {{Wins}} (1) ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Australië}} || 0.939 || {{Wins}} 0.002
|-
| 2 || {{Bestendig}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Switserland}} || 0.939 || {{Wins}} 0.001
|-
| 4 || {{Bestendig}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Duitsland}} || 0.926 || {{Wins}} 0.002
|-
| 5 || {{Wins}} (1) ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Denemarke}} || 0.925 || {{Wins}} 0.002
|-
| 5 || {{Daal}} (1) ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Singapoer}} || 0.925 || {{Wins}} 0.001
|-
| 7 || {{Daal}} (1) ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Nederland}} || 0.924 || {{Wins}} 0.001
|-
| 8 || {{Bestendig}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Ierland}} || 0.923 || {{Wins}} 0.003
|-
| 9 || {{Bestendig}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Ysland}} || 0.921 || {{Wins}} 0.002
|-
| 10 || {{Daal}} (1) ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Kanada}} || 0.920 || {{Wins}} 0.001
|-
| 10 || {{Wins}} (1) ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|VSA}} || 0.920 || {{Wins}} 0.002
|-
| 12 || {{Bestendig}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Hong Kong}} || 0.917 || {{Wins}} 0.001
|-
| 13 || {{Bestendig}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Nieu-Seeland}} || 0.915 || {{Wins}} 0.002
|-
| 14 || {{Wins}} (1) ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Swede}} || 0.913 || {{Wins}} 0.004
|-
| 15 || {{Daal}} (1) ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Liechtenstein}} || 0.912 || {{Wins}} 0.001
|-
| 16 || {{Bestendig}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Verenigde Koninkryk}} || 0.909 || {{Wins}} 0.001
|-
| 17 || {{Bestendig}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Japan}} || 0.903 || {{Wins}} 0.001
|-
| 18 || {{Bestendig}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Suid-Korea}} || 0.901 || {{Wins}} 0.002
|-
| 19 || {{Bestendig}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Israel}} || 0.899 || {{Wins}} 0.001
|-
| 20 || {{Bestendig}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Luxemburg}} || 0.898 || {{Wins}} 0.002
|-
| 21 || {{Wins}} (1) ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Frankryk}} || 0.897 || {{Wins}} 0.003
|-
| 22 || {{Daal}} (1) ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|België}} || 0.896 || {{Wins}} 0.001
|-
| 23 || {{Bestendig}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Finland}} || 0.895 || {{Wins}} 0.002
|-
| 24 || {{Bestendig}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Oostenryk}} || 0.893 || {{Wins}} 0.001
|-
| 25 || {{Bestendig}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Slowenië}} || 0.890 || {{Wins}} 0.002
|}
{{col-break}}
{|class="wikitable" style="text-align:center"
|-
!scope="col" colspan="2"| Rang
! scope="col" rowspan="2" style="width:250px;"| Land
!scope="col" colspan="2"| MOI
|-
! scope="col" style="width:75px;"| <small>2016-ramings vir 2015</small><br /><ref name="UNDP2016"/>
! scope="col" style="width:75px;"| <small>Verandering in rang sedert vorige jaar</small><ref name="UNDP2016"/>
! scope="col" style="width:75px;"| <small>2016-ramings vir 2015</small><br /><ref name="UNDP2016"/>
! scope="col" style="width:75px;"| <small>Verandering sedert vorige jaar</small><br /><ref name="UNDP2016"/>
|-
| 26 || {{Wins}} (1) ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Italië}} || 0.887 || {{Wins}} 0.006
|-
| 27 || {{Daal}} (1) ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Spanje}} || 0.884 || {{Wins}} 0.002
|-
| 28 || {{Bestendig}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Tsjeggiese Republiek}} || 0.878 || {{Wins}} 0.003
|-
| 29 || {{Bestendig}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Griekeland}} || 0.866 || {{Wins}} 0.001
|-
| 30 || {{Bestendig}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Broenei}} || 0.865 || {{Wins}} 0.001
|-
| 30 || {{Wins}} (1) ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Estland}} || 0.865 || {{Wins}} 0.002
|-
| 32 || {{Bestendig}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Andorra}} || 0.858 || {{Wins}} 0.001
|-
| 33 || {{Wins}} (1) ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Siprus}} || 0.856 || {{Wins}} 0.002
|-
| 33 || {{Wins}} (2) ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Malta}} || 0.856 || {{Wins}} 0.003
|-
| 33 || {{Bestendig}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Katar}} || 0.856 || {{Wins}} 0.001
|-
| 36 || {{Bestendig}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Pole}} || 0.855 || {{Wins}} 0.003
|-
| 37 || {{Bestendig}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Litaue}} || 0.848 || {{Wins}} 0.002
|-
| 38 || {{Bestendig}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Chili}} || 0.847 || {{Wins}} 0.002
|-
| 38 || {{Bestendig}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Saoedi-Arabië}} || 0.847 || {{Wins}} 0.002
|-
| 40 || {{Bestendig}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Slowakye}} || 0.845 || {{Wins}} 0.003
|-
| 41 || {{Bestendig}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Portugal}} || 0.843 || {{Wins}} 0.002
|-
| 42 || {{Bestendig}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Verenigde Arabiese Emirate}} || 0.840 || {{Wins}} 0.004
|-
| 43 || {{Bestendig}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Hongarye}} || 0.836 || {{Wins}} 0.002
|-
| 44 || {{Bestendig}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Letland}} || 0.830 || {{Wins}} 0.002
|-
| 45 || {{Bestendig}} ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Argentinië}} || 0.827 || {{Wins}} 0.001
|-
| 45 || {{Wins}} (1) ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Kroasië}} || 0.827 || {{Wins}} 0.004
|-
| 47 || {{Daal}} (1) ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Bahrein}} || 0.824 || {{Wins}} 0.001
|-
| 48 || {{Daal}} (1) ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Montenegro}} || 0.807 || {{Wins}} 0.003
|-
| 49 || {{Daal}} (1) ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Rusland}} || 0.804 || {{Daal}} 0.001
|-
| 50 || {{Wins}} (1) ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Roemenië}} || 0.802 || {{Wins}} 0.004
|-
| 51 || {{Daal}} (1) ||style="text-align:left"| {{vlagland|Koeweit}} || 0.800 || {{Wins}} 0.001
|}
{{col-end}}
 
As nielid van die VN bereken die regering van [[Taiwan]] sy eie MOI, wat in 2011 ’n waarde van 0,882 gehad het.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.stat.gov.tw/public/Data/1112116124371.pdf|format=PDF|title=2011中華民國人類發展指數 (HDI)|accessdate=2011-11-21|year=2011|publisher=Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, Executive Yuan, R.O.C.|language=Chinees|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20111226052702/http://www.stat.gov.tw/public/Data/1112116124371.pdf|archivedate=2011-12-26|df=}}</ref> Terwyl die MOI vir [[Hongkong]] deur die VN bereken word, geld dit nie vir [[Macau]] nie. Laasgenoemde se regering het die streek se MOI in 2011 as 0,868 bereken. Hierdie tellings plaas beide Taiwan en Macau gerieflik binne die lys lande met "baie hoë menslike ontwikkeling".<ref>[http://www.dsec.gov.mo/getAttachment/1310df1c-dce8-4ff6-ba83-4a56ad187ca2/E_MN_PUB_2013_Y.aspx Macau in Figures, 2013] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20131024055449/http://www.dsec.gov.mo/getAttachment/1310df1c-dce8-4ff6-ba83-4a56ad187ca2/E_MN_PUB_2013_Y.aspx |date=2013-10-24 }}</ref>
 
==Verwysings==
{{Verwysings|2}}
 
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