Verskil tussen weergawes van "Ontwikkelde land"

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Ontwikkelde lande het ’n post-industriële ekonomie, wat beteken die [[diens]]sektor verskaf meer rykdom as die [[nywerheid]]sektor. Daarteenoor is [[ontwikkelende land]]e besig om te industrialiseer of hoofsaaklik op [[landbou]] aangewese. In 2015 het gevorderde ekonomieë 60,8% uitgemaak van die wêreldwye BBP gebaseer op [[nominale waarde]]s en 42,9% van die wêreldwye BBP gebaseer op [[koopkragpariteit]] (KKP), volgens die [[Internasionale Monetêre Fonds]].<ref>[http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2015/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=30&pr.y=7&sy=1980&ey=2016&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=001%2C110&s=NGDPD%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPSH&grp=1&a=1 IMF-BBP-data (Oktober 2015)] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160304041611/http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2015/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=30&pr.y=7&sy=1980&ey=2016&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=001%2C110&s=NGDPD%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPSH&grp=1&a=1 |date=2016-03-04 }}</ref> In 2015 was die 10 grootste gevorderde ekonomieë volgens BBP in beide nominale en KKP-terme [[Australië]], [[Kanada]], [[Frankryk]], [[Duitsland]], [[Italië]], [[Japan]], [[Suid-Korea]], [[Spanje]], [[Brittanje]] en die [[VSA]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2015/02/weodata/index.aspx|title=Gross domestic product, current prices & Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) valuation of country GDP|work=World Economic Outlook Database, Oktober 2015|publisher=[[Internasionale Monetêre Fonds]]|date=Oktober 2015|accessdate=2015-10-15|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20151011233209/http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2015/02/weodata/index.aspx|archivedate=2015-10-11|df=}}</ref>
 
== Menslike-ontwikkelingsindeks (MOI) ==
{{Hoofartikel|Menslike-ontwikkelingsindeks}}
Die [[Verenigde Nasies]] (VN) se Menslike-ontwikkelingsindeks is ’n statistiese maatstaf wat ’n land se vlak van menslike ontwikkeling weergee. Terwyl daar ’n sterk verband is tussen ’n lande se MOI-telling en ’n vooruitstrewende enonomie, wys die VN daarop dat die MOI-tellings meer aandui as inkomste of produktiwiteit. Anders as BBP en per capita-inkomste, bring die MOI in berekening hoe inkomste verander word "in opvoedings- en gesondheidsgeleenthede en dus in hoër vlakke van menslike ontwikkeling".
Baie "gevorderde ekonomieë" word gekenmerk deur ’n MOI-telling van 0,9 of hoër. Die laaste verslag is op 21 Maart 2017 gepubliseer.<ref name="UNDP2016">{{cite web|url=http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/2016_human_development_report.pdf|title=Human Development Report 2016 – 'Human Development for Everyone'|publisher=Human Development Report Office, VN-ontwikkelingsprogram|accessdate=11 April 2017|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20170322153238/http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/2016_human_development_report.pdf|archivedate=22 Maart 2017|df=}}</ref>
 
== Volledige lys lande ==
*{{Wins}} = Toename
*{{Bestendig}} = Bestendig
*{{Daal}} = Afname
 
=== Baie hoë menslike ontwikkeling ===
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As nielid van die VN bereken die regering van [[Taiwan]] sy eie MOI, wat in 2011 ’n waarde van 0,882 gehad het.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.stat.gov.tw/public/Data/1112116124371.pdf|format=PDF|title=2011中華民國人類發展指數 (HDI)|accessdate=2011-11-21|year=2011|publisher=Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, Executive Yuan, R.O.C.|language=Chinees|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20111226052702/http://www.stat.gov.tw/public/Data/1112116124371.pdf|archivedate=2011-12-26|df=}}</ref> Terwyl die MOI vir [[Hongkong]] deur die VN bereken word, geld dit nie vir [[Macau]] nie. Laasgenoemde se regering het die streek se MOI in 2011 as 0,868 bereken. Hierdie tellings plaas beide Taiwan en Macau gerieflik binne die lys lande met "baie hoë menslike ontwikkeling".<ref>[http://www.dsec.gov.mo/getAttachment/1310df1c-dce8-4ff6-ba83-4a56ad187ca2/E_MN_PUB_2013_Y.aspx Macau in Figures, 2013] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20131024055449/http://www.dsec.gov.mo/getAttachment/1310df1c-dce8-4ff6-ba83-4a56ad187ca2/E_MN_PUB_2013_Y.aspx |date=2013-10-24 }}</ref>
 
== Ander lyste van ontwikkelde lande ==
[[Beeld:World Bank high-income economies in 2016.png|thumb|300 px|Die Wêreldbank se hoëinkomstelande in 2016.]]
 
Die IMF identifiseer 39 "gevorderde ekonomieë".<ref name=qq>[http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2016/01/pdf/text.pdf IMF Advanced Economies List. World Economic Outlook, April 2016, p. 148] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160421023851/http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2016/01/pdf/text.pdf |date=2016-04-21 }}</ref><ref name="sanmarino">[http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2016/01/pdf/text.pdf World Economic Outlook] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160421023851/http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2016/01/pdf/text.pdf |date=2016-04-21 }}, IMF, September 2011, p. 165.</ref> Die [[Organisasie vir Ekonomiese Samewerking en Ontwikkeling]] (OESO) se 35 lidlande is bekend as die "klub van ontwikkelde lande".<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.hungarianquarterly.com/no160/104.shtml |title=Archived copy |accessdate=2009-01-25 |deadurl=no |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20090221215135/http://www.hungarianquarterly.com/no160/104.shtml |archivedate=2009-02-21 |df= }}</ref><ref>[http://www.indianexpress.com/old/ie/daily/19971214/34850733.html Indiana Express] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20100127184206/http://www.indianexpress.com/old/ie/daily/19971214/34850733.html |date=2010-01-27 }}</ref><ref>[http://www.esri.go.jp/en/forum1/minute/minute26-e.html Minutes of Forum #26:Global Strategy Series 2 - Japan as It Should Be (Outline) | Economic and Social Research Institute, Cabinet Office, Government of Japan] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20071030193612/http://www.esri.go.jp/en/forum1/minute/minute26-e.html |date=2007-10-30 }}. Esri.go.jp. Besoek op 2013-07-12.</ref> Die [[Wêreldbank]] identifiseer 78 "hoëinkomstelande".<ref name="wb" />
 
=== Wêreldbank se hoëinkomstelande ===
Volgens die Wêreldbank word die volgense 78 lande en gebiede geklassifiseer as "hoëinkomste-ekonomieë".<ref name="wb">[http://data.worldbank.org/about/country-and-lending-groups#High_income Country and Lending Groups.] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140702131322/http://data.worldbank.org/about/country-and-lending-groups |date=2014-07-02 }} [[Wêreldbank]]. Besoek op 1 Augustus 2016.</ref> Tussen hakies is die jaar/jare waarin hulle so geklassifiseer is sedert klassifisering in 1987 begin is.<ref name="worldbank1">{{cite web |url=https://datahelpdesk.worldbank.org/knowledgebase/articles/378834-how-does-the-world-bank-classify-countries |title=How does the World Bank classify countries? |publisher=Wêreldbank|date= |accessdate=2016-08-01 |deadurl=no |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20160702011424/https://datahelpdesk.worldbank.org/knowledgebase/articles/378834-how-does-the-world-bank-classify-countries |archivedate=2016-07-02 |df= }}</ref>
 
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=== IMF se gevorderde ekonomieë ===
[[Beeld:IMF advanced economies 2008.svg|thumb|300px|{{legend|#0000FF|Lande wat die IMF as gevorderde ekonomieë beskryf.}}]]
 
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=== OESO-lede met ’n hoë inkomste ===
Daar is 33 lede in die OESO se hoëinkomstekategorie, soos deur die Wêreldbank bepaal.<ref name=HighOECD>[http://data.worldbank.org/about/country-classifications/country-and-lending-groups#OECD_members Country and Lending Groups | Data] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110318125456/http://data.worldbank.org/about/country-classifications/country-and-lending-groups |date=2011-03-18 }}. Data.worldbank.org. Besoek op 2016-08-01.</ref><ref name="OECD">{{cite web|url=http://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/|title=Members and partners|publisher=OECD|accessdate=1 August 2016|deadurl=no|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20160729032541/http://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/|archivedate=29 Julie 2016|df=}}</ref>
 
*{{vlagland|Chili}}
 
== Verwysings ==
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== Eksterne skakels ==
* [[Lêer:Crystal txt.png|15px]] Hierdie artikel is vertaal uit die [[:en:Developed country|Engelse Wikipedia]]
 
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