Verskil tussen weergawes van "Ontwikkelde land"

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’n '''Ontwikkelde land''' of '''geïndustrialiseerde land''' is ’n soewereine staat met ’n hoogs ontwikkelde ekonomie en gevorderde tegnologiese infrastruktuur in vergelyking met ander lande. Die algemeenste kriteria om die graad van ekonomiese ontwikkeling te bepaal is die [[bruto binnelandse produk]] (BBP), [[bruto nasionale produk]] (BNP), per capita-inkomste, vlak van industrialisasie, mate van wydverspreide infrastruktuur en algemene lewenstandaard.<ref>[http://www.investopedia.com/terms/d/developed-economy.asp#axzz1legO8olO Developed Economy Definition] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160322201145/http://www.investopedia.com/terms/d/developed-economy.asp |date=2016-03-22 }}. Investopedia (2010-04-16). Besoek op 2013-07-12.</ref> Dit is debatteerbaar watter kriteria gebruik moet word en watter lande as ontwikkel geklassifiseer kan word.
 
Ontwikkelde lande het ’n post-industriële ekonomie, wat beteken die [[diens]]sektor verskaf meer rykdom as die [[nywerheid]]sektor. Daarteenoor is [[ontwikkelende land]]e besig om te industrialiseer of hoofsaaklik op [[landbou]] aangewese. In 2015 het gevorderde ekonomieë 60,8% uitgemaak van die wêreldwye BBP gebaseer op [[nominale waarde]]s en 42,9% van die wêreldwye BBP gebaseer op [[koopkragpariteit]] (KKP), volgens die [[Internasionale Monetêre Fonds]].<ref>[http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2015/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=30&pr.y=7&sy=1980&ey=2016&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=001%2C110&s=NGDPD%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPSH&grp=1&a=1 IMF-BBP-data (Oktober 2015)] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160304041611/http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2015/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=30&pr.y=7&sy=1980&ey=2016&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=001%2C110&s=NGDPD%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPSH&grp=1&a=1 |date=2016-03-04 }}</ref> In 2015 was die 10 grootste gevorderde ekonomieë volgens BBP in beide nominale en KKP-terme [[Australië]], [[Kanada]], [[Frankryk]], [[Duitsland]], [[Italië]], [[Japan]], [[Suid-Korea]], [[Spanje]], [[Brittanje]] en die [[VSA]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2015/02/weodata/index.aspx|title=Gross domestic product, current prices & Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) valuation of country GDP|work=World Economic Outlook Database, Oktober 2015|publisher=[[Internasionale Monetêre Fonds]]|date=Oktober 2015|accessdate=2015-10-15|url-status-=live|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20151011233209/http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2015/02/weodata/index.aspx|archivedate=2015-10-11|df=}}</ref>
 
== Menslike-ontwikkelingsindeks (MOI) ==
Sedert 1990 het [[Noorweë]] (2001–2006, 2009–2013), Japan (1990–1991 en 1993), Kanada (1992 en 1994–2000) en [[Ysland]] (2007–2008) die hoogste MOI-telling gehad. Die top-47-lande het tellings van tussen 0,793 in [[Barbados]] en 0,955 in Noorweë gehad.
 
Baie "gevorderde ekonomieë" word gekenmerk deur ’n MOI-telling van 0,9 of hoër. Die laaste verslag is op 21 Maart 2017 gepubliseer.<ref name="UNDP2016">{{cite web|url=http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/2016_human_development_report.pdf|title=Human Development Report 2016 – 'Human Development for Everyone'|publisher=Human Development Report Office, VN-ontwikkelingsprogram|accessdate=11 April 2017|url-status-=live|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20170322153238/http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/2016_human_development_report.pdf|archivedate=22 Maart 2017|df=}}</ref>
 
== Volledige lys lande ==
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As nielid van die VN bereken die regering van [[Taiwan]] sy eie MOI, wat in 2011 ’n waarde van 0,882 gehad het.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.stat.gov.tw/public/Data/1112116124371.pdf|format=PDF|title=2011中華民國人類發展指數 (HDI)|accessdate=2011-11-21|year=2011|publisher=Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, Executive Yuan, R.O.C.|language=Chinees|url-status-=live|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20111226052702/http://www.stat.gov.tw/public/Data/1112116124371.pdf|archivedate=2011-12-26|df=}}</ref> Terwyl die MOI vir [[Hongkong]] deur die VN bereken word, geld dit nie vir [[Macau]] nie. Laasgenoemde se regering het die streek se MOI in 2011 as 0,868 bereken. Hierdie tellings plaas beide Taiwan en Macau gerieflik binne die lys lande met "baie hoë menslike ontwikkeling".<ref>[http://www.dsec.gov.mo/getAttachment/1310df1c-dce8-4ff6-ba83-4a56ad187ca2/E_MN_PUB_2013_Y.aspx Macau in Figures, 2013] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20131024055449/http://www.dsec.gov.mo/getAttachment/1310df1c-dce8-4ff6-ba83-4a56ad187ca2/E_MN_PUB_2013_Y.aspx |date=2013-10-24 }}</ref>
 
== Ander lyste van ontwikkelde lande ==
[[Beeld:World Bank high-income economies in 2016.png|duimnael|300 px|Die Wêreldbank se hoëinkomstelande in 2016.]]
 
’n Paar instellings het lyste van ontwikkelde lande opgestel: Die VN (sy lys word hier bo vertoon), die [[CIA]],<ref name=cia>{{cite web|url=https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/appendix/appendix-b.html|title=Appendix B. International Organizations and Groups.|work=World Factbook.|author=CIA|year=2008|accessdate=2008-04-10|url-status-=live|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20080409033504/https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/appendix/appendix-b.html|archivedate=2008-04-09|df=}}</ref> en ander.
 
Die IMF identifiseer 39 "gevorderde ekonomieë".<ref name=qq>[http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2016/01/pdf/text.pdf IMF Advanced Economies List. World Economic Outlook, April 2016, p. 148] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160421023851/http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2016/01/pdf/text.pdf |date=2016-04-21 }}</ref><ref name="sanmarino">[http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2016/01/pdf/text.pdf World Economic Outlook] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160421023851/http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2016/01/pdf/text.pdf |date=2016-04-21 }}, IMF, September 2011, p. 165.</ref> Die [[Organisasie vir Ekonomiese Samewerking en Ontwikkeling]] (OESO) se 35 lidlande is bekend as die "klub van ontwikkelde lande".<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.hungarianquarterly.com/no160/104.shtml |title=Archived copy |accessdate=2009-01-25 |url-status-=live |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20090221215135/http://www.hungarianquarterly.com/no160/104.shtml |archivedate=2009-02-21 |df= }}</ref><ref>[http://www.indianexpress.com/old/ie/daily/19971214/34850733.html Indiana Express] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20100127184206/http://www.indianexpress.com/old/ie/daily/19971214/34850733.html |date=2010-01-27 }}</ref><ref>[http://www.esri.go.jp/en/forum1/minute/minute26-e.html Minutes of Forum #26:Global Strategy Series 2 - Japan as It Should Be (Outline) | Economic and Social Research Institute, Cabinet Office, Government of Japan] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20071030193612/http://www.esri.go.jp/en/forum1/minute/minute26-e.html |date=2007-10-30 }}. Esri.go.jp. Besoek op 2013-07-12.</ref> Die [[Wêreldbank]] identifiseer 78 "hoëinkomstelande".<ref name="wb" />
 
=== Wêreldbank se hoëinkomstelande ===
Volgens die Wêreldbank word die volgense 78 lande en gebiede geklassifiseer as "hoëinkomste-ekonomieë".<ref name="wb">[http://data.worldbank.org/about/country-and-lending-groups#High_income Country and Lending Groups.] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140702131322/http://data.worldbank.org/about/country-and-lending-groups |date=2014-07-02 }} [[Wêreldbank]]. Besoek op 1 Augustus 2016.</ref> Tussen hakies is die jaar/jare waarin hulle so geklassifiseer is sedert klassifisering in 1987 begin is.<ref name="worldbank1">{{cite web |url=https://datahelpdesk.worldbank.org/knowledgebase/articles/378834-how-does-the-world-bank-classify-countries |title=How does the World Bank classify countries? |publisher=Wêreldbank|date= |accessdate=2016-08-01 |url-status-=live |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20160702011424/https://datahelpdesk.worldbank.org/knowledgebase/articles/378834-how-does-the-world-bank-classify-countries |archivedate=2016-07-02 |df= }}</ref>
 
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=== OESO-lede met ’n hoë inkomste ===
Daar is 33 lede in die OESO se hoëinkomstekategorie, soos deur die Wêreldbank bepaal.<ref name=HighOECD>[http://data.worldbank.org/about/country-classifications/country-and-lending-groups#OECD_members Country and Lending Groups | Data] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110318125456/http://data.worldbank.org/about/country-classifications/country-and-lending-groups |date=2011-03-18 }}. Data.worldbank.org. Besoek op 2016-08-01.</ref><ref name="OECD">{{cite web|url=http://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/|title=Members and partners|publisher=OECD|accessdate=1 August 2016|url-status-=live|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20160729032541/http://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/|archivedate=29 Julie 2016|df=}}</ref>
 
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