Verskil tussen weergawes van "Seks"

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105 grepe bygevoeg ,  7 maande gelede
(Uitgebrei, nog besig)
Sommige lande beskou enige seks met ’n persoon met onvoldoende verstandelike vermoëns om toestemming te gee, ongeag ouderdom, as verkragting.<ref>{{cite journal |last=Reed|first=E. J.|title=Criminal Law and the Capacity of Mentally Retarded Persons to Consent to Sexual Activity |journal=Virginia Law Review |year=1997|volume=83|issue=4 |pages=799–827|jstor=1073749|doi=10.2307/1073749}}</ref>
 
Robert Francoeur et al. sê "voor die 1970's het die definisies van verkragting dikwels net penis-vaginale seksuele omgang ingesluit".<ref name="Francoeur">{{cite book | title = The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality | publisher = Continuum International Publishing Group | year = 2004 | page = 173 | accessdate = 30 April 2013|isbn = 978-0826414885| url =https://books.google.com/books?id=PQMTzc6y8ZAC&pg=PA173 | first1 = Robert T. | last1 = Francoeur | first2 = Raymond J. | last2 = Noonan | first3 = Beldina | last3 = Opiyo-Omolo | name-list-format = vanc }}</ref><ref name="Kalbfleisch">{{cite book|vauthors= Kalbfleisch PJ, Cody MJ| title = Gender Power and Communication in Human Relationships | publisher = Routledge | year = 2012 | page = 153 | accessdate = 30 April 2013|isbn = 978-1136480508| url = https://books.google.com/books?id=LyMo1RUJwj0C&pg=PA153}}</ref> Dit is dikwels as seksuele aanranding gedefinieer.<ref name="Plummer">{{cite book| author = Ken Plummer | title = Modern Homosexualities: Fragments of Lesbian and Gay Experiences | publisher = Routledge | year = 2002 | pages = 187–191 | accessdate = 24 Augustus 2013|isbn =978-1134922420 | url=https://books.google.com/books?id=OSO3q4XEfz4C&pg=PA189}}</ref> Mettertyd het die betekenis van verkragting in sommige dele van die wêreld breër geword om baie ander soorte dade teen iemand se wil in te sluit, soos anale ses, orale seks en penetrasie van die vagina of anus met ’n ander voorwerp as ’n penis.<ref name="Francoeur"/> Dit het ook in [[Suid-Afrika]] gebeur. Die Suid-Afrikaanse wysigingswet op seksuele misdade van 2007 het nuwe definisies vir verkragting daargestel met ’n genderneutrale basis.<ref>{{cite news |url=http://www.southafrica.info/services/rights/sexual-offences-bill3.htm |title=Sex crimes bill partly enacted |first=Gabi |last=Khumalo |date=19 Desember 2007 |agency=BuaNews |accessdate=28 Junie 2011}}</ref> Dit het die definisie van verkragting as penis-vaginale penetrasie vervang om onder meer alle seks sonder instemming in te sluit; dit het ook die toestemmingsouderdom vir hetero- en homoseksuele op 16 vasgestel.<ref>Lees meer oor die wysigingswet op die [[:en:Sexual violence in South Africa|Engelse Wikipedia]].</ref>
 
Daar is gewoonlik ook wette teen [[bloedskande]], of seks met ’n nabye familielid, selfs al gee albei partye toestemming.<ref>{{citation|doi=10.1093/hrlr/ngu023|title=Roffee, J. A. (2014). No Consensus on Incest? Criminalisation and Compatibility with the European Convention on Human Rights}}.</ref> Nog algemeen verbode seksdade is [[bestialiteit]] en [[nekrofilie]].<ref name="DSM">{{cite book |title=Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM-IV | publisher = American Psychiatric Association |location=Washington, D.C. |year=2000 |pages= |isbn=978-0-89042-025-6 |oclc= |doi=}}</ref><ref name="Milner2008">{{cite book |veditors = Laws DR, O'Donohue WT |last-author-amp = yes | last = Milner | first = JS |author2=Dopke CA | title = Sexual Deviance: Theory, Assessment, and Treatment | publisher = The Guilford Press | location = New York | year = 2008 | pages = [https://books.google.com/books?id=yIXG9FuqbaIC&pg=PA385 384–418] |isbn=978-1-59385-605-2 |oclc= |doi=| chapter = Paraphilia Not Otherwise Specified: Psychopathology and theory}}</ref><ref name="Seto2000">{{cite book |editor = Hersen M |editor2 = Van Hasselt VB | title = Aggression and violence: an introductory text |publisher= Allyn & Bacon |location=Boston |year=2000 |pages= 198–213 |isbn=978-0-205-26721-7 |oclc= |doi=| last = Seto| first = MC|author2=Barbaree HE | chapter = Paraphilias}}</ref>
 
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