Woedebui

in Wikipedia, die vrye ensiklopedie

'n Woedebui, woedeaanval of vloermoer is 'n emosionele uitbarsting,[1][2] gewoonlik geassosieer met diegene in emosionele nood, wat tipies gekenmerk word deur hardkoppigheid, gehuil, geskreeu, geweld,[3] uittarting,[4] woede, gekerm,weerstand teen pogings tot pasifikasie, en, in sommige gevalle, slaan en ander fisies gewelddadige gedrag. Fisiese beheer kan verlore gaan; die persoon kan dalk nie stilbly nie; en selfs al word die "doel" van die persoon bereik, sal hulle nie gekalmeer word nie. Om 'n woedebui te gooi, kan daartoe lei dat 'n kind in time-out geplaas word, gronding , of selfs skooldetensie of geskors word uit die skool vir ouer skoolgaande kinders.[5][6][7][8][9][10] 'n Woedebui kan ook uitgedruk word in 'n tirade: 'n uitgerekte, woedende toespraak.[5][6][11]

In die vroeë kinderjare[wysig | wysig bron]

Woedebuie is een van die mees algemene vorme van problematiese gedrag by jong kinders, maar is geneig om in frekwensie en intensiteit af te neem soos die kind ouer word.[12] Vir 'n kleuter kan woedebuie as normaal beskou word, en selfs as maatstawwe vir die ontwikkeling van karaktersterkte.[13][14][15]

Kind wat 'n woedeaanval kry.

Terwyl woedebuie soms gesien word as 'n voorspeller van toekomstige anti-sosiale gedrag,[16] in 'n ander sin is hulle bloot 'n ouderdomsgeskikte teken van oormatige frustrasie,[17] en sal mettertyd afneem gegewe 'n kalm en konsekwente hantering.[18][19][20] Ouerlike inperking waar 'n kind hulself nie kan beheer nie — eerder as wat die kind oënskynlik eis — kan wees wat werklik nodig is.[21]

Selma Fraiberg het gewaarsku teen "te veel druk of kragtige metodes van beheer van buite" in kinderopvoeding: "As ons elke geval van broekwisseling, skattejag, slapies, waterplas en vullisverspreiding in 'n regeringskrisis verander, kan ons maklik hewige uittarting, woedebuie en al die vuurwerke van opstand in die kwekery veroorsaak.".[22]

Verwysings[wysig | wysig bron]

  1. Album, Cabinet (1830). "The Cabinet Album A Collection of Original and Selected Literature". The. Hurst, Chance and Company: 92.
  2. Foote, Samuel (1765). "The Dramatic Works Volume 1". The Dramatic works. P. Vaillant. 1: 40–41.
  3. O'Hara, Kane (1770). "Midas An English Burletta. As it is Performed at the Theatre-Royal, in Covent-Garden". Midas An English Burletta. As it is Performed at the Theatre-Royal, in Covent-Garden: 20.
  4. GOMBERT, A. J. (1825). "The French Drama ... with Notes Critical and Explanatory, by A. G. Volume 2 of The French Drama ... with Notes Critical and Explanatory, by A. G". The French Drama... The British Library. 2: 47.
  5. 5,0 5,1 Penelope Leach. "What is a tantrum?". BabyCentre. Besoek op 2011-03-20.
  6. 6,0 6,1 "Temper Tantrums". KidsHealth. Besoek op 2011-03-20.
  7. Karisa Ding (Julie 26, 2017). "Tantrums". BabyCenter. Besoek op 2011-03-20.
  8. Jan Hunt. "When a Child Has a Tantrum". The Natural Child Project. Besoek op 2011-03-20.
  9. Mullen, J.K. (1983). "Understanding and managing the temper tantrum". Child Care Quarterly. 12 (1): 59–70. doi:10.1007/BF01258080. S2CID 144110786.
  10. Geelerd, E.R. (1945). "Observations on temper tantrums in children". American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. 15 (2): 238–246. doi:10.1111/j.1939-0025.1945.tb04937.x.
  11. Daniels, Elizabeth; Mandleco, Barbara; Luthy, Karlen E. (2012). "Assessment, management, and prevention of childhood temper tantrums". Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners. 24 (10): 569–573. doi:10.1111/j.1745-7599.2012.00755.x. PMID 23006014.
  12. Banham Bridges, Katharine M. (1932). "Emotional Development in Early Infancy". Child Development. 3 (4): 324–341. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8624.1932.tb05842.x. JSTOR 1125359.
  13. Robin Skynner; John Cleese (1993). Families and how to survive them. p. 177.
  14. Isaacs, S. (1940). "Temper tantrums in early childhood in their relation to internal objects". The International Journal of Psychoanalysis. 21: 280–293.
  15. Solter, A. (1992). "Understanding Tears and Tantrums". Young Children. 47 (4): 64–68. JSTOR 42725308.
  16. Potegal, Michael; Davidson, Richard J. (Junie 2003). "Temper Tantrums in Young Children". Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. 24 (3): 140–147. doi:10.1097/00004703-200306000-00002. PMID 12806225. S2CID 23682833.
  17. Green, J.A.; Whitney, P.G.; Potegal, M. (2011). "Screaming, yelling, whining, and crying: Categorical and intensity differences in vocal expressions of anger and sadness in children's tantrums". Emotion. 11 (5): 1124–1133. doi:10.1037/a0024173. PMC 3192404. PMID 21707157.
  18. Roy Benaroch (2008). Solving Health and Behavioral Problems from Birth Through Preschool. p. 157.
  19. Kopp, C.B. (1989). "Regulation of distress and negative emotions: A developmental view". Developmental Psychology. 25 (3): 343–354. doi:10.1037/0012-1649.25.3.343.
  20. Levine, Linda (1995). "Young Children's Understanding of the Causes of Anger and Sadness". Child Development. 66 (3): 967–709. doi:10.2307/1131944. JSTOR 1131944.
  21. Patrick Casement (1990). Further Learning from the Patient. p. 113–4.
  22. Selma H. Fraiberg (1987). The Magic Years. p. 65.