Gestroomlynde transliterasie-stelsel vir die Bulgaarse taal

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Die Gestroomlynde transliterasie-stelsel (Engels: Streamlined System) vir die latinisering van die Bulgaars is die amptelike Bulgaarse transliterasie-sisteem, gedefinieer deur die volgende tabel:[1][2][3]

А
A
Б
B
В
V
Г
G
Д
D
Е
E
Ж
ZH
З
Z
И
I
Й
Y
К
K
Л
L
М
M
Н
N
О
O
П
P
Р
R
С
S
Т
T
У
U
Ф
F
Х
H
Ц
TS
Ч
CH
Ш
SH
Щ
SHT
Ъ
A
Ь
Y
Ю
YU
Я
YA

Oorsprong en gebruik[wysig]

Die Gestroomlynde stelsel is in 1995 geskep in die Instituut vir Wiskunde en Informatika van die Bulgaarse Akademie vir Wetenskappe.[4][5] Die stelsel is oorspronklik op 2 Maart 1995 aangeneem om te dien vir die latinisering van Bulgaars geografiese name in Antarktika. Die stelsel is vervolgens deur die Bulgaarse regering gekies as die amptelike transliterasie-stelsel van Bulgarye. Dit is geproklameer met regeringsdekrete in 2000[6][3] en 2006,[7][8] en uiteindelik aangeneem met die Wet op Transliterasie van 2009.[9][10]

Illustrasie[wysig]

Voorbeeld. (Artikel 1 van die Universele Verklaring van Menseregte):

Всички хора се раждат свободни и равни

по достойнство и права. Те са надарени
с разум и съвест и следва да се отнасят
помежду си в дух на братство.

Vsichki hora se razhdat svobodni i ravni

po dostoynstvo i prava. Te sa nadareni
s razum i savest i sledva da se otnasyat
pomezhdu si v duh na bratstvo.

Sien ook[wysig]

Verwysings[wysig]

  1. (en) L.L. Ivanov, Toponymic Guidelines for Antarctica, Antarctic Place-names Commission of Bulgaria, Sofia, 1995.
  2. (en) M. Gaidarska, The Current State of the Transliteration of Bulgarian Names into English in Popular Practice, Contrastive Linguistics, XXII, 1998, 112, pp. 69-84. ISSN: 0204-8701
  3. 3,0 3,1 (en) L.L. Ivanov, On the Romanization of Bulgarian and English, Contrastive Linguistics, XXVIII, 2003, 2, pp. 109-118. ISSN: 0204-8701; Errata, id., XXIX, 2004, 1, p. 157.
  4. (en) (bg) Andreev A., I. Derzhanski eds. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics, founded 1947. Sofia: Multiprint Ltd., 2007. 64 pp. ISBN 978-954-8986-27-4
  5. (fr) Inventaire des outils de romanisation. Bibliothèque et Archives Canada. Ottawa 2006.
  6. (bg) Regulations for the issuing of Bulgarian identity documents, State Gazette #14 of 2000. ISSN: 0205-0900
  7. (bg) Ministry of Regional Development and Public Works, Ordinance #3 of 26 October 2006 on the Transliteration of the Bulgarian Geographical Names in Latin Alphabet, State Gazette # 94, 21 November 2006. ISSN: 0205-0900
  8. United Nations Document E/CONF.98/CRP.71. 17 August 2007.
  9. (bg) Bulgaarse Wet op Transliterasie. Die Staat Koerant # 19, 13 Maart 2009. ISSN: 0205-0900
  10. L. Ivanov, D. Skordev and D. Dobrev. The New National Standard for the Romanization of Bulgarian. Mathematica Balkanica. New Series Vol. 24, 2010, Fasc. 1-2. pp.121-130. ISSN 0205-3217