Sjabloon:Harvard reference/doc

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Dokumentasie-ikoon Sjabloondokumentasie[skep]
Information icon.svg This template employs complicated or esoteric features of template syntax.
Please do not attempt to alter it unless you are certain that you understand the setup and are prepared to repair/revert any consequent collateral damage if the results are unexpected. Any experiments should be conducted in the template sandbox or your user space.

THIS TEMPLATE IS DEPRECATED. USE Template:Citation INSTEAD, WHICH HAS THE SAME FUNCTIONALITY. Note that the newer template has some revised parameter names; however, current uses of this template will continue to work.

The Harvard reference template is a versatile template for citing books, periodicals, chapters in compilations, and web-sites. It follows the Harvard referencing style, and it has a special "linking functionality" that allows inline harvard citations to link to the reference via the Template:Harvard citation template. As the Harvard referencing style is an "surname-year" format, the only mandatory parameters are last (or surname) and year. You may include as many authors or editors as necessary (via the last1, editor-last3, etc. tags), although only three of each will display.

The template knows whether you are citing a book, periodical, or a chapter in a compilation. The citation will be formatted as a periodical if you include a periodical or journal parameter. The citation will be formatted as a chapter or compilation in a larger book if you use the chapter or contribution parameter. In all other cases, the citation will have a standard format appropriate for books, web pages, and anything with an author, a year, and optionally a title.

Citation of books[wysig bron]

{{Harvard reference
 | last=
 | first=
 | authorlink=
 | year=
 | date=
 | title=
 | place=
 | publisher=
 | edition=
 | volume=
 | id=
 | url=
 | access-date=
}}

Parameters[wysig bron]

  • last (required): The author's surname or last name. (This parameter may also be called surname, surname1, author, or author1).
    • first (optional): The author's first or given name(s). In formal Harvard style references, this should include only the initials. (This parameter may also be called given).
  • authorlink (optional): Title of a Wikipedia article about author. Article must already exist.
  • year (required): Year of publication.
    • date (optional): While the year) tag is mandatory, use of the date parameter will override how the date is displayed in the reference.
  • title (optional): Title of the book.
  • edition (optional): Number or name of the edition, if not the first; for example: edition=2nd.
  • volume (optional): The volume number of a multi-volume book.
  • place (optional): The city of publication. If more than one town/city is listed on the title page, give the first one or the location of the publisher's head office. If the city is not well-known, you may add a county, region, or state. States in the U.S. are denoted by a two-letter code; for example: Place=Paris, TX (no period at the end). Where the publisher is a university and the place or location is included in the name of the university, do not use this parameter.
  • publisher (optional): The name of the publisher. Omit terms such as Publishers, Co., Inc., Ltd., etc., but retain the words Books or Press.
  • id (optional): Identifier such as ISBN 1-111-22222-9
    • isbn (optional): Use this parameter if the book has an ISBN.
  • url (optional): An url of an online location where the book can be found.
    • access-date (optional): If an url is included, the date on which the url was last accessed.

Examples[wysig bron]

One author[wysig bron]

{{ Harvard reference
 | surname=Turner
 | given=O.
 | title=History of the Pioneer Settlement of Phelps and Gorham's Purchase, and Morris' Reserve
 | publisher=William Alling
 | place=[[Rochester, New York]]
 | year=1851
 | url=http://olivercowdery.com/texts/1851Trn1.htm#turn1851
 }}.

Result: Turner, O. (1851), History of the Pioneer Settlement of Phelps and Gorham's Purchase, and Morris' Reserve, Rochester, New York: William Alling.

Three authors, a volume, and an edition[wysig bron]

{{Harvard reference
 | surname1=Lincoln
 | given1=A.
 | surname2=Washington
 | given2=G.
 | surname3=Adams
 | given3=J.
 | title=All the Presidents' Names
 | publisher=The Pentagon
 | place=Home Base, New York
 | volume=XII
 | edition=2nd
 | year=2007
}}.

Result: Lincoln, A.; G. Washington & J. Adams (2007), All the Presidents' Names, vol. XII (2nd ed.), Home Base, New York: The Pentagon.

Minimal reference[wysig bron]

{{Harvard reference
 | last=Jones
 | year=2006
 }}.

Result: Jones (2006).

Citation of periodicals[wysig bron]

{{Harvard reference
 | last=
 | first=
 | authorlink=
 | year=
 | title=
 | periodical=
 | volume=
 | issue=
 | pages=
 | url=
 | access-date=
}}

Parameters[wysig bron]

  • last (required): The author's surname or last name. (This parameter may also be called surname, surname1, author, or author1).
    • first (optional): The author's first or given name(s). In formal Harvard style references, this should include only the initials. (This parameter may also be called given).
  • authorlink (optional): Title of a Wikipedia article about author. Article must already exist.
  • year (required): Year of publication.
    • date (optional): While the year) tag is mandatory, use of the date parameter will override how the date is displayed in the reference. If the periodical is a newspaper or a magazine with a particular date, this tag should always be used.
  • title (optional): Title of the article.
  • periodical (optional): Name of the journal or periodical. (This parameter may also be called journal, newspaper, or magazine).
  • volume (optional): The volume number of the journal.
  • issue (optional): The issue number of the journal. (This parameter may also be called number).
  • pages (optional): The pages in the issue where the article may be found. (If the article is on only one page, use the parameter page instead).
  • url (optional): An url of an online location where the article can be found.
    • access-date (optional): The date on which the url was last accessed.

Journal article[wysig bron]

{{Harvard reference
 | last=Hill
 | first=Marvin S.
 | title=Joseph Smith and the 1826 Trial: New Evidence and New Difficulties
 | journal=BYU Studies
 | volume=12
 | issue=2
 | year=1976
 | pages=1–8
 | url=https://byustudies.byu.edu/shop/PDFSRC/12.2Hill.pdf
 }}.

Result: Hill, Marvin S. (1976), "Joseph Smith and the 1826 Trial: New Evidence and New Difficulties", BYU Studies 12(2): 1–8.

Newspaper article[wysig bron]

{{Harvard reference
 | last=Smith
 | first=Joseph III
 | authorlink=Joseph Smith III
 | title=Last Testimony of Sister Emma
 | newspaper=The Saints' Herald
 | volume=26
 | issue=19
 | date=[[October 1]], [[1879]]
 | year=1879
 | month=October
 | page=289
 | url=http://www.sidneyrigdon.com/dbroadhu/IL/sain1872.htm#100179
 }}.

Result: Smith, Joseph III (October 1, 1879), "Last Testimony of Sister Emma", The Saints' Herald 26(19): 289.

Citation of chapers or contributions in a larger work[wysig bron]

{{Harvard reference
 | last=
 | first=
 | authorlink=
 | year=
 | chapter=
 | editor-last=
 | editor-first=
 | editorlink=
 | title=
 | edition=
 | place=
 | publisher=
 | publication-year=
 | volume=
 | pages=
 | id=
 | url=
 | access-date=
}}

Parameters[wysig bron]

  • surname (required): The author's surname or last name. (This parameter may also be called last).
    • given (optional): The author's first or given name. In formal Harvard style references, this should include only the initials. (This parameter may also be called first).
    • author (optional): While the surname (or last) tag is mandatory for referencing purposes, use of the Author parameter will override how the author's name is displayed in the reference.
  • authorlink (optional): Title of a Wikipedia article about author. Article must already exist.
  • year (required): Year of publication.
    • date (optional): While the year) tag is mandatory, use of the date parameter will override how the date is displayed in the reference.
  • chapter (required for chapters): Title of the contribution in the book. (This parameter may also be called Contribution).
  • editor (optional): Name of the editor or editors.
  • title (required for chapters): Title of the book.
  • edition (optional): Number or name of the edition, if not the first; for example: Edition=2nd.
  • place (optional): The city of publication. If more than one town/city is listed on the title page, give the first one or the location of the publisher's head office. If the city is not well-known, you may add a county, region, or state. States in the U.S. are denoted by a two-letter code; for example: Place=Paris, TX (no period at the end). Where the publisher is a university and the place or location is included in the name of the university, do not use this parameter.
  • publisher (optional): The name of the publisher. Omit terms such as Publishers, Co., Inc., Ltd., etc., but retain the words Books or Press.
  • pages (optional): The pages in the book where the chapter or contribution may be found. (If the contribution is on only one page, use the parameter Page instead).
  • id (optional): Identifier such as ISBN 1-111-22222-9
    • isbn (optional): Use this parameter if the book has an ISBN.
  • url (optional): An url of an online location where the book can be found.
  • access-date (optional): The date on which the url was last accessed.

Work included in a compilation[wysig bron]

{{Harvard reference
 | last=Bidamon
 | first=Emma Smith
 | authorlink=Emma Hale Smith
 | chapter=Letter to Emma S. Pilgrim
 | date=[[March 27]] [[1876]]
 | year=1876
 | editor-surname=Vogel
 | editor-first=Dan
 | title=Early Mormon Documents
 | volume=1
 | publisher=Signature Books
 | publication-year=1996
 | isbn=1-56085-072-8
 }}.

Result: Bidamon, Emma Smith (March 27 1876), "Letter to Emma S. Pilgrim", in Vogel, Dan, Early Mormon Documents, vol. 1, Signature Books, 1996, ISBN 1-56085-072-8.

Untitled work quoted or included in an journal article[wysig bron]

{{Harvard reference
 | last=Knight
 | first=Joseph, Sr.
 | year=1833
 | editor-last=Jessee
 | editor-first=Dean
 | title=Joseph Knight's Recollection of Early Mormon History
 | journal=BYU Studies
 | volume=17
 | issue=1
 | publication-year=1976
 | page=35
 | url=https://byustudies.byu.edu/shop/PDFSRC/17.1Jessee.pdf
 }}.

Result: Knight, Joseph, Sr. (1833), in Jessee, Dean, "Joseph Knight's Recollection of Early Mormon History", BYU Studies 17(1): 35, 1976.

Multiple authors and multiple editors[wysig bron]

{{Harvard reference
 | last1=Schmidt
 | first1=J.
 | last2=Piper
 | first2=P.
 | chapter=Letter to Home
 | date=[[March 27]] [[1996]]
 | year=2006
 | editor1-last=Grimm
 | editor1-first=P.
 | editor2-last=Bob
 | editor2-first=T.
 | title=Jonesing for Jones
 | volume=12
 | place=New York
 | publisher=Fred Books
 | publication-year=2006
 | isbn=1-55555-555-5
 }}.

Result: Schmidt, J. & P. Piper (March 27 1996), "Letter to Home", in Grimm, P. & T. Bob, Bookskrieg Bliss, vol. 12, New York: Aunt Jemima Books, 2006, ISBN 1-55555-555-5.

Citation examples[wysig bron]

These examples of citation within the text are based on related citation template Template:Harvard citation, which automatically creates a one-directional link to the first matching Harvard reference on the same page:

Markup in main text:

  • {{Harvard citation|Turner|1851|pp=10-11}} (full cite format)
  • {{Harv|Smith|1879|p=289}} (short format)
  • {{Harv|Jones|2006|loc=section 5|Ref=none}} (non-linking)
  • {{Harv|Lincoln|Washington|Adams|2007|pp=88-89}} (multi-author)

Results:

Notes[wysig bron]

  • Because the Harvard referencing style is based on Surname and Year, these items are mandatory in both the citation and the reference.
  • If there is only one author, the parameters Surname and Given may be replaced with Last and First, respectively.
  • Template is generally compatible with Template:Cite book and Template:Cite journal.

See also[wysig bron]