Sjabloon:Cite book

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Sjabloon:Template doc page transcluded This template is used to cite sources in Wikipedia. It is specifically for books. This template replaces the deprecated {{book reference}}.

Gebruik[wysig bron]

Alle velde moet in kleinletters wees.

Kopieer ’n blankoweergawe om te gebruik. Onthou om die "|" (pypkarakter) tussen elke veld te gebruik. Verwyder enige ongebruikte velde.

Geen sjablone of towerwoorde is nodig wanneer ’n ISBN, OCLC-nommer of DOI as ’n identifiseerder gebruik word nie. Gebruik eerder die toepaslike veld in plaas daarvan om die id-veld te gebruik. Tik byvoorbeeld eerder isbn= gevolg deur die nommer in plaas van id=ISBN. Sjablone is beskikbaar vir ander identifikasienommertipes om in die ID-veld te gebruik ({{ISSN}}, {{LCCN}}, {{LCC}}, ens.) indien hierdie nie beskikbaar is nie. Sien ook die volledige beskrywing van velde.

Volle weergawe (kopieer en plak onderstaande teks en verwyder parameters wat nie nodig is nie)
{{cite book |last= |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |editor= |others= |title= |origdate= |origyear= |origmonth= |url= |format= |accessdate= |accessyear= |accessmonth= |edition= |series= |date= |year= |month= |publisher= |location= |language= |isbn= |oclc= |doi= |id= |pages= |chapter= |chapterurl= |quote= }}
Mees algemeen gebruikte velde (of jy kan hierdie tien gebruik en nie so baie uitvee nie)
{{cite book |last= |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |title= |year= |publisher= |location= |isbn= }}
Voorbeeld 1

{{cite book |last= Cordell |first= Bruce R. |coauthors= Jeff Grubb, David Yu |title= [[Manual of the Planes]] |publisher= [[Wizards of the Coast]] |year= 2001 |month= September |isbn= 0-7869-1850-8 }}

Cordell, Bruce R.; Grubb, Jeff; Yu, David (September 2001). Manual of the Planes. Wizards of the Coast. ISBN 0-7869-1850-8. 

Voorbeeld 2
{{cite book
  | last = Mumford
  | first = David
  | authorlink = David Mumford
  | title = The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes
  | publisher = [[Springer-Verlag]]
  | series = Lecture notes in mathematics 1358
  | year = 1999
  | doi = 10.1007/b62130
  | isbn = 354063293X }}

David Mumford (1999). The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes, Lecture notes in mathematics 1358. Springer-Verlag. DOI:10.1007/b62130. ISBN 354063293X. 

Vertikale lys Voorvereistes * Kort instruksies
 {{cite book
 | last = 
 | first = 
 | authorlink = 
 | coauthors = 
 | editor = 
 | others = 
 | title = 
 | origdate = 
 | origyear = 
 | origmonth = 
 | url = 
 | format = 
 | accessdate = 
 | accessyear = 
 | accessmonth = 
 | edition = 
 | series = 
 | date = 
 | year = 
 | month = 
 | publisher = 
 | location = 
 | language = 
 | isbn =
 | oclc =
 | doi =
 | id =
 | pages = 
 | chapter = 
 | chapterurl = 
 | quote =
 (geen wikiskakel)
 (geen wikiskakel)
 †verkies (geen wikiskakel)
  alternatief vir origdate
  alternatief vir origdate
 †verkies (geen wikiskakel)
  alternatief vir accessdate
  alternatief vir accessdate
 †verkies (geen wikiskakel)
  alternatief vir date
  alternatief vir date
 (geen wikiskakel)‡
Die velde hieronder gelys is ’n voorvereiste vir die velde aan die linkerkant. So is last byvoorbeeld ’n voorvereiste vir first - wat beteken dat al het first waardes in, dit NIE vertoon sal word indien last leeg is nie.
∗∗ Wikiskakels moet na ’n bestaande artikel skakel en kan nie gebruik word indien url ook gebruik is nie.
Dit is die verkoseveld met sy alternative daaronder gelys
Indien chapterurl verskaf is kan chapter geen wikiskakels hê nie.

Velde[wysig bron]

Wikiskakels[wysig bron]

Most fields can be wikilinked (ie. title = [[book article|book title]]), but should generally only be linked to an existing Wikipedia article. Any wikilinked field must not contain any brackets apart from normal round brackets () — don't use <>[]{}.

Beskrywing van velde[wysig bron]

Sintaks (vir die tegnies-georiënteerdes)[wysig bron]

Nested fields either rely on their parent fields, or replace them:

  • parent
    • child — may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2 — may be used instead of parent (and is ignored if parent is used)

Beskrywing[wysig bron]

  • last: Surname of author. Don't wikilink (use authorlink instead).
    • first: First name(s) of author, including title(s) (eg. Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Snr.). Don't wikilink (use authorlink instead).
      • The `last' and `first' fields are poorly named for the case of an author whose surname is usually written first (e.g. as in Chinese). They also have the problem of only communicating which is the surname, not communicating where the surname is usually written. Consider deprecating first, last fields, and reinstating author field, using the notation "Smith, John" or "Hu Ke Jie" as appropriate (i.e. always writing surname first, and using comma or not depending on whether the name is usually written surname last or first).
    • authorlink: Title of Wikipedia article about author. Article should already exist. Must not be wikilinked itself. Do not use this on its own, but along with "author" or "first" and "last".
    • coauthors: Full name of additional author or authors, surname first, separated by "; " (eg. Bloggs, Joe; Kennedy, John F.; Dent, H. R.)
    • OR: author: Full name of author, preferably surname first.
  • editor: Name of editor/editors. No text is added, so labels such as "(ed.)" have to be supplied by the user.
  • others: For uses such as "illustrated by Smith" or "trans. Smith".
  • title: Title of book. This is the only required parameter. Can be wikilinked only to an existing Wikipedia article. Do not use italics.
  • url: URL of an online book. Cannot be used if you wikilinked title.
    • format: Format, e.g. PDF. HTML implied if not specified.
    • accessdate: Full date when url was accessed, in ISO 8601 YYYY-MM-DD format, eg. 2006-02-17. Required when url field is used. Must not be wikilinked.
      • OR: accessyear: Year when item was accessed, and accessmonth: Month when item was accessed. If you also have the day, use accessdate instead. Must not be wikilinked.
  • edition: When the book has more than one edition. eg: "2nd edition".
  • series: When the book is part of a series of publications
  • origdate: Full date of publication of original edition, in ISO 8601 YYYY-MM-DD format, eg. 2004-06-27. Must not be wikilinked.
    • OR: origyear: Year of publication of original edition, and origmonth: Month of publication of original edition. If you also have the day, use date instead. Must not be wikilinked.
  • date: Full date of publication edition being referenced, in ISO 8601 YYYY-MM-DD format, eg. 2006-02-17. Must not be wikilinked.
    • OR: year: Year of publication edition being referenced, and month: Name of the month of publication. If you also have the day, use date instead. Must not be wikilinked.
  • publisher: Publisher should not include corporate designation such is "Ltd" or "Inc".
    • location: Place of publication.
  • language: The language the book is written in, if it is not English.
  • isbn: International Standard Book Number such as 1-111-22222-9.
  • oclc: Online Computer Library Center ID number, such as 3185581
  • doi: A digital object identifier such as 10.1016/j.coi.2004.08.001.
  • id: A unique identifier, used if none of the above are applicable. In this case, you need to specify the kind of identifier you are using, preferably with a template like {{ISSN}}. (Use one of the more specialized parameters if possible; they are linked automatically. In other words, don't use id = ISBN 1-111-22222-9 anymore. Use isbn = 1-111-22222-9.)
  • pages: pp. 5–7: first page and optional last page. This is for listing the pages relevant to the citation, not the total number of pages in the book.
  • chapter: The chapter of the book, written in full. Punctuation other than quotes should be included in the value passed to the parameter, eg. chapter = Meet Dick and Jane. produces "Meet Dick and Jane." ahead of title.
    • chapterurl: URL of an individual chapter of online book. Should be at the same site as url, if any.
  • quote: Relevant quote from the book.

Examples[wysig bron]

Just a title
* {{cite book | title=Mysterious book }}
  • Mysterious book. 
Year and title
* {{cite book | title=Mysterious book | year=1901 }}
  • (1901) Mysterious book. 
Basic usage
* {{cite book | first=Joe | last=Bloggs | authorlink=Joe Bloggs | year=1974 | title=Book of Bloggs }}
  • Joe Bloggs (1974). Book of Bloggs. 
Basic usage with url
* {{cite book | last=Bloggs | first=Joe | authorlink=Joe Bloggs | year=1974 | title=Book of Bloggs | edition=1st Edition | url= | accessdate=2006-02-17 }}
  • Joe Bloggs (1974). Book of Bloggs, 1st Edition. Besoek op 2006-02-17. 
Three authors, title with a piped wikilink, edition
* {{cite book | last=Bloggs | first=Joe | authorlink=Joe Bloggs | coauthors=John Smith, Jim Smythe | title=[[A Thousand Acres|1000 Acres]] | edition=2nd Edition }}
  • Joe Bloggs; John Smith, Jim Smythe. 1000 Acres, 2nd Edition. 
Date without day, wikilinked title and publisher, id, pages, location
* {{cite book | last=Cordell | first=Bruce R. | coauthors=Jeff Grubb, David Noonan | year=2001 | month=September | title=[[Manual of the Planes]] | publisher=[[Wizards of the Coast]] | location=Timbuktu | isbn=0-7869-1850-8 | pages=pp. 134-137 }}
Date of first edition, other language, illustrator
* {{cite book | last=Bloggs | first=Joe | origyear=1463 | year=1974 | title=Book of Bloggs | edition=1st Edition | others=illustrated by Smith | language=German | url= | accessdate=2006-02-17 }}
  • Bloggs, Joe [1463] (1974). Book of Bloggs, illustrated by Smith, 1st Edition (in German). Besoek op 2006-02-17. 
Using a DOI
*{{cite book | last=Mumford | first=David | authorlink=David Mumford | year=1999 | title=The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes: Includes the Michigan Lectures (1974) on Curves and Their Jacobians | edition=2nd ed. | publisher=[[Springer-Verlag]] | doi=10.1007/b62130 | isbn=354063293X }}

Testing[wysig bron]

See Template:cite book/regression tests.

Note[wysig bron]

Note the extra full-stop when the last author ends with an initial, and there is no date:

  • Invisible, M.. Mysterious book. 

We don't know of a practical solution to this — unless there is a way to test the characters of a field?

Citation styles[wysig bron]

Established citation styles for coauthors:

  • MLA style: Last, First and First Last. "If there are more than three authors, you may list only the first author followed by the phrase et al."
  • APA style: Last, F. & Last, F.
  • Chicago Manual of Style: Last, First, and First Last.
  • Turabian: same as Chicago Reference List, above.
  • Harvard: Last, F., Last, F. & Last, F.

Tools[wysig bron]

See Wikipedia:Citing sources#Tools for a list of tools which can help create a reference in the 'cite book' format.

See also[wysig bron]