Islamofobie

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'n Amerikaanse betoger met 'n plakkaat wat aandui dat hy 'n trotse Islamofoob is.

Die woord Islamofobie (Arabies: إسلاموفوبيا f ('islaamufuubya), gevoelens en stemming teen Moslems en Islam) verwys na die ongefundeerde en irrasionele angs vir Moslems en Islam.[1][2][3] Die woord word in 1997 vir die eerste keer in 'n publikasie deur die Runnymede Trust gebruik, aanvanklik met 'n negatiewe betekenis – 'n haat vir of afkeer van Moslems en Islam. Islamofobie is deur 'n paar geleerdes as 'n vorm van rassisme gekategoriseer.[4]

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  1. * Fredman, Sandra (2001). Discrimination and human rights: the case of racism. Oxford [Oxfordshire]: Oxford University Press. p. 121. ISBN 0-19-924603-3. 
    • Haddad, Yvonne Yazbeck (2002). Muslims in the West: from sojourners to citizens. Oxford [Oxfordshire]: Oxford University Press. p. 19. ISBN 0-19-514806-1. 
    • Islamophobia: A Challenge for Us All, Runnymede Trust, 1997, p. 1, cited in Quraishi, Muzammil (2005). Muslims and crime: a comparative study. Aldershot, Hants, England: Ashgate. p. 60. ISBN 0-7546-4233-X. . Early in 1997, the Commission on British Muslims and Islamophobia, at that time part of the Runnymede Trust, issued a consultative document on Islamophobia under the chairmanship of Professor Gordon Conway, Vice-Chancellor of the University of Sussex. The final report, Islamophobia: A Challenge for Us All, was launched in November 1997 by Home Secretary Jack Straw
  2. Holden, Cathie; Hicks, David V. (2007). Teaching the global dimension: key principles and effective practice. New York: Routledge. p. 140. ISBN 0-415-40448-7. 
  3. Islamofobi – en studie av begreppet, ungdomars attityder och unga muslimers utsatthet, published by Forum för levande historia
  4. Runnymede 1997, p. 5, cited in Quraishi 2005, p. 60.