Lys van bekende Boeddhas

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Sumedha, die jeugdige wat in die verre toekoms Gautama Boeddha sou word, ontvang sy '’niyatha vivarana (voorspelling van toekomstige boeddhaskap) van Dipankara Boeddha.

In die Boeddhavamsa, ’n deel van die Pali-kanon, word die lewe van Gautama Boeddha en die vorige 27 Boeddhas beskryf.[1]

Die Sewe Boeddhas van die Antieke Tyd[wysig | wysig bron]

Volgens Boeddhistiese tradisie het elka kalpa (of eon) 1 000 Boeddhas.[2] Die vorige kalpa was die vyuhakalpa (Glorieryke Eon), en die huidige kalpa is die bhadrakalpa (Gunstige Eon).[3] Die "Sewe Boeddhas van die Antieke Tyd" (Saptatathagata) is sewe Boeddhas wat die vyuhakalpa en bhadrakalpa oorbrug:[4]

  1. Vipassi (die 998ste Boeddha van die vyuhakalpa)
  2. Sikhi (die 999ste Boeddha van die vyuhakalpa)
  3. Vessabhu (die 1 000ste Boeddha van die vyuhakalpa)
  4. Kakusandha (die 1ste Boeddha van die bhadrakalpa)
  5. Konagamana (die 2de Boeddha van die bhadrakalpa)
  6. Kassapa (die 3de Boeddha van die bhadrakalpa)
  7. Gautama (die 4de Boeddha van die bhadrakalpa)

Op dié sewe sal Maitreya, die 5de en toekomstige Boeddha van die bhadrakalpa, volg.

Die 29 bekende Boeddhas[wysig | wysig bron]

Pali-naam[5][6][7] Kaste[6][7] Geboorteplek[6][7] Ouers[6][7] Bodhirukka (boom van verligting)[6][7][8] Inkarnasie van Gautama[7]
1 Tanhankara Koning Sunandha en koningin Sunandhaa Rukkaththana
2 Medhankara Sudheva en Yasodhara Kaela
3 Saranankara Sumangala en Yasawathi Pulila
4 Dipankara Brahmin[9] Rammawatinagara Sudheva en Sumedhaya Pipphala Sumedha (ook Sumati of Megha Mānava, ’n ryk Brahmaan)[10]
5 Kondanna Kshatriya[9] Rammawatinagara Sunanda en Sujata Salakalyana Vijitawi (’n Chakravarti in Chandawatinagara van Majjhimadesa)
6 Mangala Brahmin[9] Uttaranagara (Majhimmadesa) Uttara en Uttara ’n Naga Suruchi (in Siribrahmano)
7 Sumana Kshatriya[9] Mekhalanagara Sudassana en Sirima ’n Naga Koning Atulo, ’n Naga
8 Revata[11] Brahmin[9] Sudhannawatinagara Vipala en Vipula ’n Naga ’n Brahman
9 Sobhita Kshatriya[9] Sudhammanagara Sudhammanagara en Sudhammanagara ’n Naga Sujata, ’n Brahman (in Rammavati)
10 Anomadassi Brahmin[9] Chandawatinagara Yasava en Yasodara ajjuna ’n Jaksja-koning
11 Paduma[12] Kshatriya[9] Champayanagara Asama en Asama salala ’n Leeu
12 Narada Dhammawatinagara Koning Sudheva en Anopama sonaka ’n Tapaso in die Himalaja
13 Padumuttara[13] Kshatriya Hansawatinagara Anurula en Sujata salala Jatilo, ’n askeet
14 Sumedha Kshatriya Sudasananagara Sumedha en Sumedha nipa ’n Inboorling van Uttaro
15 Sujata Sumangalanagara Uggata en Pabbavati welu ’n Chakravarti
16 Piyadassi[14] Sudannanagara Sudata en Subaddha kakudha Kassapa, ’n Brahmin (by Siriwattanagara)
17 Atthadassi Kshatriya Sonanagara Sagara en Sudassana champa Susino, ’n Brahman
18 Dhammadassi Kshatriya Surananagara Suranamaha en Sunanada bimbajala Indra, die leier van die gode (devas)
19 Siddharttha Vibharanagara Udeni en Suphasa kanihani Mangal, ’n Brahman
20 Tissa Khemanagara Janasando en Paduma assana Koning Sujata van Yasawatinagara
21 Phussa[15] Kshatriya Kasi Jayasena en Siremaya amalaka Vijitavi
22 Vipassi Kshatriya Bandhuvatinagara Vipassi en Vipassi patali Koning Atula
23 Sikhi Kshatriya Arunavattinagara Arunavatti en Paphavatti pundariko Arindamo (by Paribhuttanagara)
24 Vessabhu Kshatriya Anupamanagara Suppalittha en Yashavati sala Sadassana (in Sarabhavatinagara)
25 Kakusandha Brahmaans Khemavatinagara Agidatta, die purohitta-Brahmin van koning Khema, en Visakha airisa Koning Khema[16]
26 Konagamana Brahmin[17] Sobhavatinagara Yannadatta die Brahman en Uttara udumbara Koning Pabbata
27 Kassapa[18] Brahmin Baranasinagara Brahmadatta, ’n Brahman, en Dhanavati nigroda Jotipala (by Vappulla)
28 Gautama Kshatriya Lumbini Koning Suddhodana en Maya peepal, ook bekend as heilige vy (Ficus religiosa) Siddartha Gautama, ’n Kshatriya
29 Maitreya voorspel as toekomstige Boeddha Boeddha van die toekoms Boeddha van die toekoms

Notas[wysig | wysig bron]

  1. (1882) “XXVII: List of the Buddhas”, The Buddhavamsa. Londen: Pali Text Society. p. 66–7. 
  2. "Chapter 36: The Buddhas in the three periods of time". Buddhism in a Nutshell Archives. Hong Kong: Buddhistdoor International. Verkry op 2014-12-21. 
  3. Buswell Jr., RE (2014). The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism, 1st, Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. p. 106. ISBN 978-0-691-15786-3.  Verwysingfout: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Buswell106" defined multiple times with different content
  4. Buswell Jr., RE (2014). The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism, 1st, Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. p. 776. ISBN 978-0-691-15786-3.  Verwysingfout: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Buswell776" defined multiple times with different content
  5. Malalasekera (2007), Buddha, pp. 294-305
  6. 6,0 6,1 6,2 6,3 6,4 Thomas William Rhys Davids (1878). “The successive bodhisats in the times of the previous Buddhas”, Buddhist birth-stories; Jataka tales. The commentarial introduction entitled Nidana-Katha; the story of the lineage. London: George Routledge & Sons. p. 115–44. 
  7. 7,0 7,1 7,2 7,3 7,4 7,5 (1975) The minor anthologies of the Pali canon. Volume III: Buddhavaṁsa (Chronicle of Buddhas) and Cariyāpiṭaka (Basket of Conduct). London: Pali Text Society. ISBN 0-86013-072-X. 
  8. Malalasekera (2007), Bodhirukka, p. 319
  9. 9,0 9,1 9,2 9,3 9,4 9,5 9,6 9,7 Beal (1875), Beal S, Chapter III: Exciting to religious sentiment, pp. 10-17
  10. Ghosh, B (1987). “Buddha Dīpankara: twentyfourth predecessor of Gautama”. Bulletin of Tibetology 11 (new series) (2): 33–8.
  11. Malalasekera (2007), Revata, pp. 754-5
  12. Malalasekera (2007), Paduma, p. 131
  13. Malalasekera (2007), Padumuttara, pp. 136-7
  14. Malalasekera (2007), Piyadassi, p. 207
  15. Malalasekera (2007), Phussa, p. 257
  16. Prophecies of Kakusandha Buddha, Konagamana Buddha and Kassapa Buddha
  17. Barua, A (2008). Dīgha-Nikāya: romanize Pāli text with English translation, 1st, Delhi, India: New Bharatiya Book Corporation. p. 6. ISBN 81-8315-096-9. 
  18. Alexander Cunningham (1880). “XVIII: Tandwa”, Report of Tours in the Gangetic Provinces from Badaon to Bihar, in 1875-76 and 1877-78. Calcutta, India: Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing. p. 70–8. 

Verwysings[wysig | wysig bron]

Verdere leesstof[wysig | wysig bron]

  • (1938) “The lineage of the Buddhas”, The Minor Anthologies of the Pali Canon: Buddhavaṃsa, the lineage of the Buddhas, and Cariyā-Piṭaka or the collection of ways of conduct, 1st, London: Milford. 
  • (1969) “The lineage of the Buddhas”, The Genealogy of the Buddhas, 1st, Bombay: Bombay University Publications. 
  • Mingun Sayadaw (1992). “Chapter IX: The chronicle of twenty-four Buddhas”, The great chronicle of Buddhas, Volume One, Part Two, 1st, Yangon, Myanmar: Ti=Ni Publishing Center. p. 130–321. 

Eksterne skakels[wysig | wysig bron]

The chronicle of twenty-four Buddhas, deur Mingun Sayadaw. Red. en vert. prof. U Ko Lay en U Tin Lwin, Yangon, Myanmar. Net hoofstukke 1, 22, 23 en 24.