Gebruiker:Charlielv55/sandput/Gallerie dell'Accademia

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Gallerie dell'Accademia
'n Beeld van die museum.

Openingsjaar 1750
Webtuiste gallerieaccademia.it

Die Gallerie dell'Accademia is 'n museumgalery van pre-19de eeuse kuns wat in Venesië, noord-Italië geleë is. Dit word gehuisves in die Scuola della Carità op die suidelike oewer van die Groot-Kanaal in Venesië binne die sestiere van Dorsoduro. Dit was oorspronklik die galery van die Accademia di Belle Arti di Venezia; d.i. die kunsakademie van Venesië gewees, waarvan dit in 1879 onafhanklik geword het, en waarvoor die Ponte dell'Accademia en die Accademia boot-landingstasie vir die vaporetto waterbus vernoem is. Die twee instellings was tot 2004 in dieselfde gebou gehuisves - toe die kunskool verskuif het na die Ospedale degli Incurabili.

Geskiedenis[wysig | wysig bron]

Vroeë geskiedenis[wysig | wysig bron]

The Accademia di Belle Arti di Venezia was founded on 24 September 1750; the statute dates from 1756.[1] The first director was Giovanni Battista Piazzetta; Gianbattista Tiepolo became the first president after his return from Würzburg.[2]

It was one of the first institutions to study art restoration starting in 1777 with Pietro Edwards, and formalised by 1819 as a course.

In 1807 the academy was re-founded by Napoleonic decree. The name was changed from Veneta Academia di Pittura, Scultura e Architettura to Accademia Reale di Belle Arti, "royal academy of fine arts", and the academy was moved to the Palladian complex of the Scuola della Carità, where the Gallerie dell'Accademia are still housed. The collections of the Accademia were first opened to the public on 10 August 1817.[1][3]

Latere geskiedenis[wysig | wysig bron]

The Gallerie dell'Accademia became independent from the Accademia di Belle Arti di Venezia in 1879. Like other state museums in Italy, it falls under the Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali, the Italian ministry of culture and heritage.

Gebou[wysig | wysig bron]

The Napoleonic administration had disbanded many institutions in Venice including some churches, convents and Scuole. The Scuola della Carità, the Convento dei Canonici Lateranensi and the church of Santa Maria della Carità thus became the home of the Accademia. The Scuola della Carità was the oldest of the six Scuole Grandi and the building dates back to 1343, though the scuola was formed in 1260. The Convento dei Canonici Lateranensi was started in 1561 by Andrea Palladio, though it was never fully completed. The facade of Santa Maria della Carità was completed in 1441 by Bartolomeo Bon.

Versameling[wysig | wysig bron]

Die Gallerie dell’Accademia bevat meesterstukke van die Venesiaanse skilderwerke wat dateer tot uit die 18de eeu, welke werke chronologies rangskik word, alhoewel sommige tematiese uitstallings voorkom.

Kunstenaars wat verteenwoordig word sluit in: Antonello da Messina, Lazzaro Bastiani, Gentile en Giovanni Bellini, Bernardo Bellotto, Pacino di Bonaguida,[4] Canaletto, Carpaccio, Giulio Carpioni, Rosalba Carriera, Cima da Conegliano, Fetti, Pietro Gaspari, Michele Giambono, Luca Giordano, Francesco Guardi, Giorgione, Johann Liss, Charles Le Brun, Pietro Longhi, Lorenzo Lotto, Mantegna, Rocco Marconi, Michele Marieschi, Piazzetta, Giambattista Pittoni, Preti, Tiepolo, Tintoretto, Titian, Veronese (Paolo Caliari), Vasari, Leonardo da Vinci (Tekening van die Vitruviaanse Man), Alvise Vivarini, en Giuseppe Zais.

Hoogtepunte uit die Skilder-versameling[wysig | wysig bron]

Verwysings[wysig | wysig bron]

  1. 1,0 1,1 Accademia di belle arti di Venezia, 1750–2010. Cenni storici Geargiveer 13 November 2013 op Wayback Machine (in Italian). Accademia di belle arti di Venezia. Accessed July 2013.
  2. Elisa Viola (2005). L'Accademia di Venezia: i maestri, le collezioni, le sedi (in Italian). Venezia: Marsilio. ISBN 9788831786553. p. 17.
  3. Gallerie dell'Accademia: Storia delle collezioni (in Italian). Soprintendenza Speciale per il Patrimonio storico, artistico ed etnoantropologico e per il Polo Museale della città di Venezia e dei comuni della Gronda lagunare, 7 October 2009. Accessed July 2013.
  4. Pacino di Bonaguida Geargiveer 13 Julie 2010 op Wayback Machine, J. Paul Getty Museum, USA.

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