Jean Racine

in Wikipedia, die vrye ensiklopedie
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Jean Racine
Portrait de Jean Racine d'après Jean-Baptiste Santerre.jpg
Portret van Racine
Gebore
Jean-Baptiste Racine

(1639-12-22)22 Desember 1639
La Ferté-Milon, Koninkryk van Frankryk
Sterf21 April 1699 (op 59)
Parys, Koninkryk van Frankryk
BeroepDramaturg
BewegingKlassisisme

Jean Racine, gedoop as Jean-Baptiste Racine (Frans: [ʒɑ̃ batist ʁasin]; 22 Desember 1639 - 21 April 1699), is saam met Molière en Corneille een van die drie groot Franse dramaturge uit die 17de eeu. Hy is 'n belangrike literêre figuur in die westerse tradisie. Racine was hoofsaaklik 'n skrywer van tragedies. 'n Aantal neoklassieke meesterstukke [1] soos Phèdre,[2] Andromaque[3] en Athalie het uit sy pen verskyn. [4] Hy het een komedie getiteld Les Plaideurs, [5] en 'n gedempte tragedie getiteld Esther[6] vir jongelinge geskryf.

Sy skryfwerk is bekend vir die elegansie, suiwerheid, spoed en raserny daarvan, maar ook [7][8] [9] vir die "glorie van die harde, elektriese woede" daarvan.[10] Racine se dramaturgie word gekenmerk deur sy sielkundige insig en die passie van die karakters.

Die linguïstiese effekte van Racine se digkuns word oor die algemeen as onvertaalbaar beskou,[8][11][12][13] alhoewel verskeie gerekende digters pogings aangewend het om sy werk in Engels te vertaal,[11][12] insluitende Lowell, Richard Wilbur, Ted Hughes, Tony Harrison en Derek Mahon, asook Schiller in Duits.

Die mees onlangse Engelse vertalings van Racine se toneelstukke is deur Alan Hollinghurst (Berenice, Bajazet), die direkteur van die Royal Academy of Dramatic Art, Edward Kemp (Andromache), die dramaturg Neil Bartlett, en die digter Geoffrey Alan Argent. Laasgenoemde het in 2011 'n American Book Award ontvang vir The Complete Plays of Jean Racine.[14]

Toneelstukke[wysig | wysig bron]

Tragedies[wysig | wysig bron]

  • La Thébaïde (1664)
  • Alexandre le Grand (1665)
  • Andromaque (1667)
  • Britannicus (1669)
  • Bérénice (1670)
  • Bajazet (1672)
  • Mithridate (1673)
  • Iphigénie (1674)
  • Phèdre (1677)
  • Esther (1689)
  • Athalie (1691)

Komedies[wysig | wysig bron]

  • Les Plaideurs (1668)

Ander werke[wysig | wysig bron]

Vertalings[wysig | wysig bron]

Historiese werke[wysig | wysig bron]

  • Vie de Louis XIV (verlore)
  • Abrégé de l'histoire de Port-Royal (1767)

Verwysings[wysig | wysig bron]

  1. Muller, D. G. (1999). "Phedre". Theatre Journal. 51 (3): 327–331. doi:10.1353/tj.1999.0066. JSTOR 25068685. S2CID 191586923.
  2. Braga, T. J. (1990). "Double Vision in Racine's Phèdre". The French Review. 64 (2): 289–298. JSTOR 395873.
  3. Coveney, Michael (16 Maart 2009). "Andromaque, Oxford Playhouse - Reviews, Theatre & Dance". The Independent.
  4. Mann, A. (1929). "Racine's Biblical Masterpieces, Esther and Athalie". The French Review. 3 (1): 55–57. JSTOR 379685.
  5. Jean Racine Criticism (Vol. 28)
  6. George Steiner: A Reader - Google Books
  7. Catholic Encyclopedia: Jean Racine
  8. 8,0 8,1 Iphigenia; Phaedra; Athaliah - Google Books
  9. [1] Our Dramatic Heritage: The Golden Age - Google Books]
  10. Taylor, Paul (9 September 1998). "Theatre: The mother of all dramas - Arts & Entertainment". The Independent.
  11. 11,0 11,1 The Poetry of the untranslatable: Racine's Phèdre confronted by Hughes and Lowell - Enlighten
  12. 12,0 12,1 Loftis, J. (1958). "Racine and English Classicism". Modern Language Notes. 73 (7): 541–544. doi:10.2307/3043031. JSTOR 3043031.
  13. Evans, George (9 Julie 1999). "Obituary: Professor Roy Knight". The Independent.
  14. "Before Columbus Foundation, Winners of the 2011 American Book Awards". Before Columbus Foundation. 7 Oktober 2011. Geargiveer vanaf die oorspronklike op 8 Mei 2012. Besoek op 12 Mei 2012.

Verdere leeswerk[wysig | wysig bron]

  • Barthes, Roland, "On Racine," Trans Richard Howard, New York: Hill and Wang, 1964.
  • Brereton, Geoffrey, Jean Racine: A Critical Biography, Cassell, 1951.
  • Butler, Philip, Racine: A Study, Londen: Heinemann Educational Books, 1974.
  • Campbell, John, "Questioning Racinian Tragedy," Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2005.
  • Forestier, Georges, Jean Racine, Parys: Gallimard, 2006.
  • Gossip, Christopher J., "An Introduction to French Classical Tragedy," Totowa, NJ: Barnes & Noble, 1981.
  • Knight, R.C., "Racine et la Grèce," Parys: Nizet, 1950; rpt. 1974.
  • Maskell, David, "Racine: A Theatrical Reading," Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991.
  • Phillips, Henry, "Racine: Language and Theatre," Durham, Engeland: University of Durham Press, 1994.
  • "Racine, Jean". Encyclopædia Britannica (11de) 22. (1911). Cambridge University Press. 
  • Rohou, Jean, L"Evolution du tragique racinien," Parys: SEDES, 1991.
  • Tobin, Ronald, "Jean Racine Revisited," New York: Twayne, 1999.
  • Vuillemin, Jean-Claude, "Jean Racine," in L. Foisneau, red., Dictionary of Seventeenth-Century French Philosophers, 2 vols, Londen en New York: Thoemmes Continuum, 2008, II, pp. 1041–46.

Eksterne skakels[wysig | wysig bron]