Lys van orrelregisters

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'n Orrelstop kan een van drie dinge beteken:

  • die beheer op 'n orrelkonsole wat 'n spesifieke klank kies
  • die ry orrelpype gebruik om 'n spesifieke klank te skep, meer toepaslik bekend as 'n rang
  • die klank self

Orrelstoppe word in vier hoofgrope gesorteer: principale, snaar, riet en fluit .

Dit is 'n sorteerbare lys van name wat gevind kan word wat verband hou met elektroniese en pyp orrel stop. Ontelbare stops is oor die eeue heen ontwerp, en individuele organe mag stoppe hê, of name van stop, wat nêrens anders gebruik word nie. Hierdie nie-omvattende lys handel meestal oor die name van plekke wat op talle barok-, klassieke en romantiese organe voorkom. Hier is 'n paar van die algemeenste:

Registernaam Alternatiewe naam Tipe Notas
Aeoline Aéoline

Éolienne
Snaar 'n Baie klein skaal stop met baie delikate, lugtig klanke; Gebou meestal as 'n enkel-posisie stop, of as 'n duble-posisie celeste.
Blockflöte Fluit Duits vir "blokfluit"; 'n wye skaalvormige koniese of gestopte fluit van 4'- of 2'-toonhoogte, met die naam van die gewone fluit wat 'n "blokfluit" genoem word, wat sy toon nou saamlik is.
Bombarde Riet 'n kragtige koorstok stop met 'n koperagtige timbre, wat voorkom op die handleidings om 16 '(en soms 8'), of in die pedaal by 'n 16 'of 32' toonhoogte
Bourdon Fluit 'n grootskaalse gestop-fluit, 16 'of 8' op die sleutelborde, en 16 'of 32' in die pedale (waar dit Subbase of Contra Bourdon genoem kan word)
Cello Violoncelle Snaar 'n skaal stop by 8 'of 16'; het 'n warmer, meer "romantiese" toon as die Gamba
Choralbass Principal 'n 4'-sterkte-oktaaf Principaal in die pedaalafdeling, hoofsaaklik vir cantus firmus gebruik
Claribel Clarabel Flute

Claribel Flute

Melodia
Fluit 'n 8 oop hout handleiding stop.
Clarinet Clarinette

Clarionet
Riet 'n riet stop met 'n ryke toon wat die orkesinstrument naboots
Clarion Clairon Riet 8' (pedaal) of 4' (sleutelbord of pedaal) refrein, soortgelyke toon as die "Trompette"
Cornet Fluit 'n baie-rang-stop wat bestaan uit tot vyf geledere van wydverspreide pype. Die plekke sluit in 8 ', 4', 2 2/3 ', 2' en 1 3/5 '. Drie- en vier-rangkornette skakel 8'- en 4'-geledere uit. Hierdie stop is nie nabootsend van die orkeskornet nie.
Cornopean Riet 8' koor-riet soortgelyk aan die trompet; gewoonlik in die swell-afdeling geleë.
Cromorne Krummhorn Riet Sillindriese solo riet wat 'n duidelike bruisende of blink geluid het, nabootsend van die historiese instrument met dieselfde naam
Diapason Montre

Open Diapason

Principale

Principal

Prinzipal

Tenori[1]
Principal 'n ruitstop wat die orgaan se "ruggraat" klank is. Mees algemeen by 8 'in sleutelborde, en 8' of 16 'in die pedale.
Diaphone 'n spesiale soort orgaanpyp wat toon produseer deur 'n hamer te gebruik om lug deur die resonator te klop. Gewoonlik op teaterorgane, wat nie dikwels in klassieke instrumente gebruik word nie.
Fagotto Bassoon

Fagott
Riet 16' koorriet. Omgekeerde koniese konstruksie, sagter as 'n trompet of trombone.
Flageolet Fluit 'n fluit van 2' of 1' toonhoogte.
Fugara Snaar 'n fuit stop in 4' of 8' toonhoogte. Die toon het 'n skerp stringagtige gehalte.[2]
Gamba Viola da Gamba

Viole
Snaar 'n Skraal stop met 'n din klanke, soos 'n tjello stop. Die stop se naamgenoot kom van die viola de gamba.
Gedackt Gedeckt Fluit 'n gestopte fluit by 8 'in die sleutelborde, en gestop 16' en / of 8 'fluitstem in die pedale
Gemshorn Cor de Chamois Snaar German for "chamois horn"; a narrow-scale, tapered stop. It is also usually the lowest stop in the organ that has one.[3]
Gravissima Name for a resultant 64' flue (a 32' stop combined with a 21Sjabloon:Fraction' stop, which is a fifth, producing a difference tone of 8 Hz on low C.)
Harmonic Flute Fluit an open metal flute made to sound an octave above its length by means of a small hole at its midpoint. This stop has a very pure flute tone and was popularized by Aristide Cavaillé-Coll.
Hohlflöte Hohlflute

Holpijp
Fluit a metal or wooden 8' open or stopped flute.
Larigot Fluit Fluit mutation stop at 1 13′ pitch
Mixture Fourniture

Plein Jeu
Principal Multi-rank stops that enhance the harmonics of the fundamental pitch, and are intended for use with foundation stops, not alone. Mixture IV indicates that the stop has four ranks. Mixture 15.19.22.26 indicates the composition.
Nachthorn Night Horn

Cor de Nuit

Corno de Nacht
Fluit wide-scaled flute with a relatively small mouth, produces a soft, but penetrating sound; occurring at 8′ and 4′ pitch, and also at 2′ pitch at pedal
Nasard Nasat

Nazard

Fluit Fluit mutation stop of 2 23′ (sounding a twelfth above written pitch)
Oboe Hautbois Riet Riet stop used as both a solo stop and a chorus reed.
Octave Oktav

Prestant

Principal
Principal A 4′ Principal. "Prestant" often indicates ranks that have pipes mounted in the front of the organ case.[4]
Ophicleide Riet powerful reed stop, much like the Bombarde; normally a 16′ or 32′ pedal reed; unusually an 8′ or 16′ on the manuals
Orchestral Oboe Riet a different stop from Oboe; intended to imitate the orchestral instrument; of smaller scale than the non-imitative oboe
Piccolo Fluit 2′ flute
Quarte Fluit 2′ flute on 17th and 18th century French organs; short for Quarte de nasard, sounding an interval of a fourth above the nasard stop
Regal Riet a reed stop with fractional-length resonators; produces a buzzy sound with low fundamental frequency.
Rohrflöte Chimney Flute Fluit German for "reed flute"; a semi-capped metal pipe with a narrow, open-ended tube (i.e. "chimney") extending from the top which resembles a reed
Salicional Snaar An 8′ string stop, softer in tone than the Gamba.
Scharf Cymbale Principal A high-pitched mixture stop.
Sesquialtera Principal Comprises ranks at 223' and 135'
Sifflöte Piccolo

Sifflet
Fluit 1′ flute
Super Octave Doublette

Fifteenth
Principal the manual 2′ Principal or Diapason; its name merely signifies that it is above (i.e. "super") the 4′ Octave.
Tibia Clausa Tibia Fluit a large-scale, stopped wood flute pipe, usually with a leathered lip; performs same function in a theatre pipe organ as a principal in a classical organ.
Tierce Seventeenth

Terz

Tertia
Fluit mutation stop pitched 1 35′, supporting the 8′ harmonic series
Trichterregal Riet an 8-ft reed stop on a pipe organ with funnel-shaped resonators.[5][6] A trichterregal was used by Schnitger in the Schnitger organ that he built for St. James's Church, Hamburg.
Trombone Posaune

Riet Chorus reed simulating the trombone; most commonly in the pedal at 16′ or 32′ pitch
Trompette en Chamade Riet Solo trumpet laid horizontally; can often be heard over full organ.
Trompette Militaire Riet powerful solo reed of the trumpet-family, with a brassy, penetrating tone
Trumpet Trompete

Trompette
Riet a loud chorus reed stop, generally a single rank, with inverted conical resonators.
Tuba Riet large-scale, high pressure, smooth solo reed usually 8′ in the manuals and 16′ (sometimes 32′) in the pedal. Tuba is Latin for Trumpet; it is not named after the orchestral tuba.
Twelfth Principal principal mutation stop of 2 23
Twenty-Second Kleine Principal Principal a 1′ principal
Unda Maris Fluit Latin for "wave of the sea"; a very soft rank tuned slightly sharp or flat. It is drawn with another soft rank to create an undulating effect. Occasionally built as a double-rank stop called Unda Maris II, which has both a normal-pitched and detuned rank.
Voix céleste Snaar An 8′ string stop tuned slightly sharp or flat to create an undulating effect when combined with another string stop. Some variants contain both a normal-pitched and detuned rank.
Vox humana Voix humaine Riet fractional length regal supposedly intended to imitate the human voice

Verwysings[wysig | wysig bron]

  1. Sjabloon:GroveOnline
  2. Sjabloon:Cite NIE
  3. "Resultant", OrganStops.org.
  4. http://www.organstops.org/o/Octave.html
  5. Leë aanhaling (help)
  6. Leë aanhaling (help)