Robert Frost

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Robert Frost
Robert Frost NYWTS.jpg
Robert Frost in 1941
Gebore
Robert Lee Frost

(1874-03-26)26 Maart 1874
San Francisco, Kalifornië, Verenigde State
Sterf29 Januarie 1963 (op 88)
Boston, Massachusetts, Verenigde State
NasionaliteitVlag van Verenigde State van Amerika Verenigde State
BeroepDigter
Handtekening
Robert Frost Signature.svg

Robert Lee Frost (26 Maart 1874 - 29 Januarie 1963) was 'n Amerikaanse digter. Sy werk is aanvanklik in Engeland gepubliseer, voordat dit in Amerika gepubliseer is. Hy is bekend vir sy realistiese uitbeeldings van die plattelandse lewe en vir sy beheer van die Amerikaanse spreekwoord.[1] Frost het dikwels (in die vroeë 1900's) geskryf oor die instellings en verskynsels van die plattelandse lewe in die New England-streek van die Verenigde State van Amerika. Hy het dikwels die plaaslike instellings en milieus gebruik om komplekse maatskaplike en filosofiese temas te ondersoek. Frost is gedurende sy leeftyd dikwels vereer en het vier Pulitzerpryse vir Poësie ontvang. Hy het een van Amerika se seldsame "openbare literêre figure" geword, en so te sê 'n artistieke instelling. Die Goue Medalje van die Kongres is in 1960 aan hom toegeken vir sy poëtiese werke. Op 22 Julie 1961 is Frost as digter-laureaat van Vermont aangewys.

Keur uit sy werke[wysig | wysig bron]

"The Road Not Taken", as featured in Mountain Interval (1916)
"The Road Not Taken", soos dit verskyn het in Mountain Interval (1916)

Poësiebundels[wysig | wysig bron]

  • 1913. A Boy's Will. Londen: David Nutt (New York: Holt, 1915)[2]
  • 1914. North of Boston. Londen: David Nutt (New York: Holt, 1914)
    • "After Apple-Picking"
    • "The Death of the Hired Man"
    • "Mending Wall"
  • 1916. Mountain Interval. New York: Holt
    • "Birches" (gedig)
    • "Out, Out"
    • "The Oven Bird"
    • "The Road Not Taken"
  • 1923. Selected Poems. New York: Holt.
    • "The Runaway"
    • Sluit ook gedigte uit die eerste drie volumes in
  • 1923. New Hampshire. New York: Holt (Londen: Grant Richards, 1924)
    • "Fire and Ice" (gedig)
    • "Nothing Gold Can Stay" (gedig)
    • "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening"
  • 1924. Several Short Poems. New York: Holt[3]
  • 1928. Selected Poems. New York: Holt.
  • 1928. West-Running Brook. New York: Holt
    • "Acquainted with the Night"
  • 1929. The Lovely Shall Be Choosers, The Poetry Quartos, gedruk en geïllustreer deur Paul Johnston. Random House.
  • 1930. Collected Poems of Robert Frost. New York: Holt (VK: Longmans Green, 1930)
  • 1933. The Lone Striker. VSA: Alfred A. Knopf
  • 1934. Selected Poems: Third Edition. New York: Holt
  • 1935. Three Poems. Hanover, NH: Baker Library, Dartmouth College.
  • 1935. The Gold Hesperidee. Bibliophile Press.
  • 1936. From Snow to Snow. New York: Holt.
  • 1936. A Further Range. New York: Holt (Cape, 1937)
  • 1939. Collected Poems of Robert Frost. New York: Holt (VK: Longmans, Green, 1939)
  • 1942. A Witness Tree. New York: Holt (Cape, 1943)
    • "The Gift Outright"
    • "A Question" (gedig)
    • "The Silken Tent"
  • 1943. Come In, and Other Poems. New York: Holt.
  • 1947. Steeple Bush. New York: Holt
  • 1949. Complete Poems of Robert Frost. New York: Holt (Cape, 1951)
  • 1951. Hard Not To Be King. House of Books.
  • 1954. Aforesaid. New York: Holt.
  • 1959. A Remembrance Collection of New Poems. New York: Holt.
  • 1959. You Come Too. New York: Holt (VK: The Bodley Head, 1964)
  • 1962. In the Clearing. New York: Holt Rinehart & Winston
  • 1969. The Poetry of Robert Frost. New York: Holt Rinehart & Winston.

Toneelstukke[wysig | wysig bron]

  • 1929. A Way Out: A One Act Play (Harbor Press).
  • 1929. The Cow's in the Corn: A One Act Irish Play in Rhyme (Slide Mountain Press).
  • 1945. A Masque of Reason (Holt).
  • 1947. A Masque of Mercy (Holt).

Briewe[wysig | wysig bron]

  • 1963. The Letters of Robert Frost to Louis Untermeyer (Holt, Rinehart & Winston; Cape, 1964).
  • 1963. Robert Frost and John Bartlett: The Record of a Friendship, deur Margaret Bartlett Anderson (Holt, Rinehart & Winston).
  • 1964. Selected Letters of Robert Frost (Holt, Rinehart & Winston).
  • 1972. Family Letters of Robert and Elinor Frost (State University of New York Press).
  • 1981. Robert Frost and Sidney Cox: Forty Years of Friendship (University Press of New England).
  • 2014. The Letters of Robert Frost, Volume 1, 1886–1920, geredigeer deur Donald Sheehy, Mark Richardson, en Robert Faggen. Belknap Press. ISBN 978-0674057609. (811 bladsye; eerste volume, van vyf volumes, van die skolastiese uitgawe van die digter se korrespondensie, insluitende verskeie voorheen-ongepubliseerde briewe.)
  • 2016. The Letters of Robert Frost, Volume 2, 1920–1928, geredigeer deur Donald Sheehy, Mark Richardson, Robert Bernard Hass, en Henry Atmore. Belknap Press. ISBN 978-0674726642. (848 bladsye; tweede volume van die reeks.)

Ander werke[wysig | wysig bron]

  • 1957. Robert Frost Reads His Poetry. Caedmon Records, TC1060. (gesproke woord)
  • 1966. Interviews with Robert Frost (Holt, Rinehart & Winston; Cape, 1967).
  • 1995. Collected Poems, Prose and Plays, geredigeer deur Richard Poirier. Library of America. ISBN 978-1-883011-06-2. (Omnibus volume.)
  • 2007. The Notebooks of Robert Frost, geredigeer deur Robert Faggen. Harvard University Press.[4]

Verwysings[wysig | wysig bron]

  1. "Robert Frost". Encyclopædia Britannica (Online). (2008). URL besoek op 2008-12-21. 
  2. "Robert Frost. 1915. A Boy's Will". www.bartleby.com. Besoek op 2018-03-22.
  3. Frost, Robert (16 Maart 1924). Several short poems. Place of publication not identified. OCLC 1389446.
  4. "Browse Subjects, Series, and Libraries | Harvard University Press". www.hup.harvard.edu.