Jackie Onassis

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Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
Jackie Onassis

Eerste Dame van die Verenigde State
Ampstermyn
20 Januarie 1961 – 22 November 1963
President John F. Kennedy
Voorafgegaan deur Mamie Eisenhower
Opgevolg deur Lady Bird Johnson

Persoonlike besonderhede
Gebore (1929-07-28)28 Julie 1929
Southampton, New York
Sterf 19 Mei 1994 (op 64)
New York
Politieke party Demokratiese Party
Eggenoot/-note John F. Kennedy
Religie Rooms-Katoliek
Handtekening Jacqueline Kennedy Signature.svg

Jacqueline Lee Kennedy Onassis (née Bouvier; 28 Julie 1929 – 19 Mei 1994) was die Eerste Dame van die Verenigde State van Amerika gedurende die presidentskap van haar eggenoot, John F. Kennedy, vanaf Januarie 1961 tot sy moord in November 1963.

Bouvier is in Southampton, New York gebore. Haar pa was 'n aandelemakelaar op die Wall Street-beurs, John Vernou Bouvier III, en haar ma, Janet Lee Bouvier. In 1951 het sy gegradueer met 'n BA in Franse letterkunde aan die George Washington Universiteit en het vir die Washington Times-Herald as 'n ondersoekende fotograaf gewerk.[1]

In 1952 het Bouvier kongreslid John F. Kennedy by 'n dinee in Washington ontmoet. Na sy verkiesing tot die Senaat in 1952, is die egpaar getroud op 12 September 1953 in Newport, Rhode Island. Hulle het vier kinders, van wie twee gesterf het in hul kinderjare. Na haar man se verkiesing as president in 1960, was Jacqueline Kennedy bekend vir haar hoogs-gepubliseerde opknapping van die Withuis met die klem op kuns en kultuur, sowel as vir haar styl en elegansie.[2][3] Op slegs 31-jarige ouderdom toe haar man ingehuldig is, was sy die jongste Eerste Dame sedert Frances Cleveland. Sy was ook die eerste Rooms-Katoliek om as Eerste Dame te dien.[4]

Op 22 November 1963 was Jacqueline Kennedy saam met die president in 'n opelugmotorkade in Dallas, Texas toe hy vermoor is. Na afloop van sy begrafnis het sy en haar kinders hulle grootliks uit die openbare lewe onttrek. In 1968 is sy getroud met die Griekse skeepsmagnaat Aristoteles Onassis. Na Aristoteles se dood in 1975 het sy 'n loopbaan gevolg as uitgewer en redakteur in New York Stad. Sy sterf op 19 Mei 1994 in die ouderdom van 64 jaar.

Gedurende haar leeftyd is Jacqueline Kennedy as 'n internasionale mode-ikoon beskou.[5] Haar beroemde pienk Chanel-pakkie en 'n gepaardgaande kussingshoed het 'n simbool geword van haar man se sluipmoord. Selfs na haar dood is sy in 1999 as een van die gewildste en herkenbare Eerste Dames van die 20ste eeu gehuldig.[6]

Verwysings[wysig | wysig bron]

  1. https://i.pinimg.com/originals/b8/81/a9/b881a947fca72c742707305836e44c82.jpg
  2. Hall, Mimi. "Jackie Kennedy Onassis: Amerika se Tipies Ikoon van Styl en Genade'. USA Today. Url Besoek Op 13 Februarie 2011.
  3. Circa 1961: Die Kennedy Withuis se binne-afwerking deur Elaine Rys Bachmann. Aanhaling: "Die voorkennis van haar woorde is merkwaardig gegewe die invloed wat sy uiteindelik op mode, binneversiering en argitektoniese bewaring gehad het vanaf die vroeë 1960's tot haar dood in 1994 'n Teleurstellende besoek aan die Uitvoerende Herehuis toe sy 11 was, het 'n diep indruk gelaat, een waarop sy dadelik gereageer het toe sy geweet het sy sou presidentsvrou word..." Besoek op 13 Februarie 2011.
  4. Sieczkowski, Cavan (Mei 25, 2017). Melania Trump will be the first Catholic to live at the White House since JFK.
  5. Craughwell-Varda, Kathleen (Oktober 14, 1999). Looking for Jackie: American Fashion Icons. Hearst Books. ISBN 978-0-688-16726-4.
  6. "Gallup Most Admired Women, 1948–1998" (in Engels). Gallup. Geargiveer vanaf die oorspronklike op 1 Februarie 2017. Besoek op 18 Augustus 2009.

Bibliografie[wysig | wysig bron]

  • Adler, Bill (2009). The Eloquent Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis: A Portrait in Her Own Words. HarperCollins.
  • Badrul Alam, Mohammed (2006). Jackie Kennedy: Trailblazer. Nova History Publication. ISBN 978-1594545580.
  • Andersen, Christopher (2015). The Good Son: JFK Jr. and the Mother He Loved. Gallery Books. ISBN 978-1476775579.
  • Beasley, Maurine (2005). First Ladies and the Press: The Unfinished Partnership of the Media Age. Northwestern University Press. ISBN 978-0810123120.
  • Bugliosi, Vincent (2007). Four Days in November: The Assassination of John F. Kennedy. W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 978-0-393-33215-5.
  • Caro, Robert A. (2013). The Passage of Power: Volume 4 of The Years of Lyndon Johnson (Illustrated reprint uitg.). Vintage. ISBN 0375713255.
  • Cassini, Oleg (1995). A Thousand Days of Magic: Dressing the First Lady for the White House. Rizzoli International Publications. ISBN 978-0-8478-1900-3.
  • Clinton, Hillary Rodham (2003). Living History. Scribner. ISBN 978-0743222259.
  • Flaherty, Tina (2004). What Jackie Taught Us: Lessons from the Remarkable Life of Jacqueline. New York City: Penguin Group. ISBN 978-1-101-49427-1.
  • Flynt, Larry; David, Ph.D. Eisenbach (2011). One Nation Under Sex: How the Private Lives of Presidents, First Ladies and Their Lovers Changed the Course of American History. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0230105034.
  • Goodman, Jon; Sidey, Hugh; Letitia Baldrige (2006). The Kennedy Mystique: Creating Camelot: Essays. National Geographic Books. ISBN 978-0-7922-5308-2.
  • Ford, Lynne E. (2008). Encyclopedia of Women and American Politics. Facts on File. ISBN 978-0816054916.
  • Harris, Bill (2012). First Ladies Fact Book -- Revised and Updated: The Childhoods, Courtships, Marriages, Campaigns, Accomplishments, and Legacies of Every First Lady from Martha Washington to Michelle Obama. Black Dog & Leventhal. ISBN 978-1579128913.
  • Hersh, Burton (2010). Edward Kennedy: An Intimate Biography. Counterpoint. ISBN 978-1582436289.
  • Heymann, C. David (2007). American Legacy: The Story of John and Caroline Kennedy. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-7434-9738-4.
  • Heymann, C. David (2009). Bobby and Jackie: A Love Story. Atria Books. ISBN 978-1416556244.
  • Hilty, James (2000). Robert Kennedy: Brother Protector. Temple University Press. ISBN 978-1566397667.
  • Hunt, Amber; Batcher, David (2014). Kennedy Wives: Triumph and Tragedy in America's Most Public Family. Lyons Press. p. 167. ISBN 978-0762796342.
  • Kennedy, Jacqueline (2011). Jacqueline Kennedy: Historic Conversations on Life with John F. Kennedy. Hyperion. ISBN 1401324258.
  • Lambert, Eleanor; Zilkha, Bettina (2004). Ultimate Style – The Best of the Best Dressed List. Assouline. ISBN 2 84323 513 8.
  • Lawrence, Greg (2011). Jackie as Editor: The Literary Life of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis. Thomas Dunne Books. ISBN 978-0312591939.
  • Leaming, Barbara (2001). Mrs. Kennedy: The Missing History of the Kennedy Years Free Press. ISBN 978-0684862095.
  • Leaming, Barbara (2014). Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis: The Untold Story. Macmillan. ISBN 978-1250017642.
  • Mills, Judie (1998). Robert Kennedy. Millbrook Press. ISBN 978-1562942502.
  • Magill, Frank Northen (1999). Dictionary of World Biography: The 20th century, O-Z. Routledge. ISBN 978-1579580483.
  • Meagher, Michael; Gragg, Larry D. (2011). John F. Kennedy: A Biography. Greenwood.
  • O'Brien, Michael (2006). John F. Kennedy: A Biography. St. Martin's Griffin. pp. 265–266. ISBN 978-0312357450.
  • Pottker, Jan (2002). Janet and Jackie: The story of a mother and her daughter, Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis. St. Martin's Griffin. ISBN 978-0312302818.
  • Reeves, Richard (1977). Convention. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. ISBN 978-0151225828.
  • Sabato, Larry J. (2013). The Kennedy Half-Century: The Presidency, Assassination and Lasting Legacy. Bloomsbury USA. ISBN 978-1620402801.
  • Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr. (2002) [1965]. A Thousand Days: John F. Kennedy in the White House. Mariner Books. ISBN 978-0618219278.
  • Schlesinger, Arthur (2002). Robert Kennedy and His Times, Volume 2. Mariner Books. ISBN 978-0618219285.
  • Silverman, Al (2008). The Time of Their Lives. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0-312-35003-1.
  • Spoto, Donald (2000). Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis: A Life. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0312977078.
  • Schwalbe, Carol B. (2005). "Jacqueline Kennedy and Cold War Propaganda". Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media. 49 (1): 111–127. doi:10.1207/s15506878jobem4901_7.
  • Tomlin, Gregory M. (2016). Murrow's Cold War: Public Diplomacy for the Kennedy Administration. University of Nebraska Press.
  • Tracy, Kathleen (2008). The Everything Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis Book: A portrait of an American icon. Adams Media. ISBN 978-1598695304.
  • Trask, Richard B. (1994). Pictures of the Pain: Photography and the Assassination of President Kennedy (hardcover uitg.). ISBN 0-9638595-0-1.
  • West, J.B. met Mary Lynn Kotz (1973). Upstairs at the White House: My Life with the First Ladies. Coward, McCann & Geoghegan. SBN 698-10546-X.
  • White, Mark (2013). Kennedy: A Cultural History of an American Icon. Bloomsbury Academic. ISBN 978-0786721023.
  • White, G. Edward (1987). Earl Warren: A Public Life. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0195049367.
  • Wong, Aliza Z. (2010). Julie Willett (red.). The American beauty industry encyclopedia: Hairstylists, Celebrity. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Greenwood. pp. 151–154. ISBN 9780313359491.
  • Zweifel, John; Buckland, Gail (1994). The White House in Miniature: Based on the White House Replica by John, Jan, and the Zweifel Fam. W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 978-0393036633.
  • Exhibition Catalogue, Sale 6834: The Estate of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis April 23–26, 1996. Sotheby's: 1996.
  • The White House: An Historic Guide. White House Historical Association and the National Geographic Society: 2001. ISBN 0-912308-79-6.

Eksterne skakels[wysig | wysig bron]